FREE 2022-2023 Agricultural Science project topics and materials free Download in PDF & DOC for Nigeria

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  • ASSESSMENT OF POTASSIUM BROMATE IN BREAD SOLD IN ABA ABIA STATE (A CASE STUDY OF ABA TOWN)

    ABSTRACTS
    This research is on Assessment of potassium bromate in bread sold in abia state (a case study of aba town). Samples were obtained from different locations in Aba environs with random selective sampling and to know their potassium bromate contents (mg/100g). 20 bread samples were used, the results showed that the presence of potassium bromate in each of the 20 bread samples were high for human consumption. The bromate level in bread samples determined range from 74.00 to 952.83. which is above the maximum amount of potassium bromate allowed in bread by food and drug administrative (FDA) (0.02mg/100g)

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  • DISTRIBUTED COMMITMENT AND RECOVERY: TWO PHASE COMMIT

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on Distributed commitment and recovery: two phase commit. A formal model for atomic commit protocols for a distributed database system is introduced. The model is used to prove existence results about resilient protocols for site failures that do not partition the network and then for partitioned networks. For site failures, a pessimistic recovery technique, called independent recovery, is introduced and the class of failures for which resilient protocols exist is identified. For partitioned networks, two cases are studied: the pessimistic case in which messages are lost, and the optimistic case in which no messages are lost. In all cases, fundamental limitations on the resiliency of protocols are derived.
    Index Terms-Commit protocols, crash recovery, distributed database systems, distributed systems, fault tolerance, transaction management.

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  • EVALUATION OF THE CHEMICAL COMPONENT OF DOGOYARO LIQUID (AZADIRACHTA INDICA) FOR ANTI-MALARIA.

    ABSTRACT
    This project looks at the evaluation of the chemical component of dogoyaro liquid azadirachta indica for anti-malaria. The global scenario is now supporting the development of malaria drug from less toxic plant products with proven medicinal properties. Each part of the neem plant (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) reportedly has various medicinal properties and has been in use in many continents for centuries. In this project work, water extract from Neem leaves (Azadirachta indica A Juss) with the modern atomic absorption spectrophotometer was presented. The chemical properties in the water extract of Neem leaf were studied. Results showed that the neem leaf contains some essential minerals needed for malaria. It is obvious that the water extract of Azadirachta indica is significantly high in sodium ion (Na+) and potassium ion (K+) concentrations which are responsible in the conduction of impulses along the axons of the central nervous system. Iron is another element determined. This element is significantly low in the water extract of the sample used (neem leaf).

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  • FEEDS AND FEEDING OF SHEEP AND GOAT IN UMUNNEOCHI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on Feeds and feeding of sheep and goat in umunneochi local government area. Comparisons were made between 24 Ethiopian rams and 24 Galla goats for voluntary intake, feed selectivity and growth performance when offered three levels of sorghum stover. The levels observed were 25,50 and 75 g/kg live weight per day. Measurements of intake, growth and feed selectivity were taken over a period of 10 weeks.
    Both sheep and goats consumed more stover (P<0.001) as rate of offer was increased (22, 31, 32 gDM/kg live weight per day; 19,26,29 g/kg live weight per day, respectively, for sheep and goats). Increasing the level of offer beyond 50g/kg live weight per day did not, however, promote a substantial increase in intake. No difference (P>0.05) was observed in the pattern of feed selectivity between sheep and goats. Both species showed a similar preference for leaf and sheath matter as the level of offer was increased.
    Sheep gained weight faster (P<0.001) than goats at all rates of offer, (28.0 vs 9.0; 54.0 vs 23.0; 62.0 vs 31.6 in favour of sheep). Those on a higher level of offer showed a faster rate of gain than those on a lower level of offer.
    It was concluded that both species can benefit from generous offers and that the benefit, judged by improved intake and growth, is due to selective feeding.

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  • HYGIENE FACTORS IN OCCURANCE OF DIARRHEA DISEASE AMONG 0-5 YEARS CHILDREN

    ABSTRACT

    This research is on Hygiene factors in occurrence of diarrhea disease among 0-5 years children.

    Objectives: To identify the determinants and describe the extent of diarrhoeal diseases among under-five children in urban Ethiopia.
    Design: Community based, cross-sectional study.
    Setting: Jimma, a town in south western Ethiopia, is an urban area with multi-ethnic population. The town is divided into 20 kebelles. Each kebelle has a population of about 5000 people.
    Subjects: Six hundred and five children under the age of five years were selected by random sampling. There were 142 children with diarrhoeal diseases in selected households. All those without diarrhoea were taken as controls.
    Results: The incidence at diarrhoeal diseases was 5.48 episodes per child per year. The incidence of persistent diarrhoea was 7.75%. About 24.5% of the acute diarrhoeal diseases (ADD) culminated to persistent diarrhoea. Well source of water, lack of complete immunization, attack of measles and acute respiratory infecions (ARI) in the previous two weeks were found to be significantly associated with occurrence of diarrhoeal disease; however, only ARI and well water were retained in the logistic regression
    analysis.
    Conclusion: The incidence of diarrhoeal diseases and the progression to persistent diarrhoea are very high. Many of the socio-environmental factors did not appear as significant determinants independently. The implication of this is that in a homogenous and economically deprived society improvement in a single factor does not reduce the problem of diarrhoeal diseases. Hence, an inter-sectoral approach is recommended to control diarrhoeal diseases.

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  • LAND TENURE SYSTEM AT MGBID, ORU WEST L.GA, IMO STATE

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on Land tenure system at Mgbid, Oru west l.ga, Imo state. It is estimated that over 4.6 billion people will live in the world’s urban areas by 2030. In Nigeria, 48 per cent of the population currently lives in urban areas. Low income population are indeed the most vulnerable concerning issues of accessing land for housing. This is because they often lack a regular income and savings to comply with the required conditions for formal purchase and occupation of land.
    More than 40 per cent of population in Mgbidi, Oru West LGA, Imo State lives below poverty line. In some of the city’s districts it has even exceeded 50 per cent. The struggle by this poor population for shelter has manifested in a variety of ways, ranging from residing in unsafe tenement compounds to multi-purpose shops (business and residence).
    Among the presidents’ 7 point agenda is a proposal for amendment of the Nigerian land tenure law (the Land Use Act – which vested the ownership of all lands in a state in the governor of that state). The sections proposed for amendment include the section 5 of the act which empowered the governor to grant rights (in leasehold), demand and revise rents on such lands, and also powers to wholly or partly waive the conditions attached to acquisition of rights in special circumstances.
    This paper tries to show that the section 5 of the existing land tenure law and the current compensation procedures has a potential for improving access to land by low income.
    The paper suggested the utilisation of the community-driven land tenure systems in conjunction with the provisions of the section 5 of the land use act and the existing land acquisition and compensation process as a proactive approach to foster positive urban development rather than the conventional reactive approach to informality. This will as well serve as a security for the low income against potential market temptations. Also, the role and capacities of NGOs (Non Governmental Organizations) in this respect should be promoted because the NGOs appeared to be the bridge in all the reviewed cases between the low income communities, land owners and policy makers.
    Tenure arrangements, Land Use Act, Community mortgage, Mgbidi, Oru West LGA, Imo State, Access to land

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  • STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF MALARIA AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ON ADDMISSION IN IMO STATE SPECIALIST HOSPITAL OWERRI

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on Study on the prevalence of malaria among pregnant women on admission in Imo state specialist hospital Owerri.

    A study was made to determine the prevalence of malaria infection among pregnant women on admission in Imo State specialist Hospital Owerri between July to August 2012. Blood samples were collected from the patients and a thick blood film made. The films were stained using parasitological standard procedures. Twenty-five (25) pregnant women in their 1st trimesters had the highest severe parasitaemia with 54.5%. And also primigravidae were also observed to have the highest infection rate with 87.5%.

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  • The anti-nutritional composition of Okro seeds flour at different stages of maturity at harvest were analyzed

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on the anti-nutritional composition of Okro seeds flour at different stages of maturity at harvest were analyzed. The anti-nutritional composition of Okro seeds flour at different stages of maturity at harvest were analyzed. The Okro fruits were harvest at one and two, week’s maturity after fruity. They were de-husked prior to the determination of anti-nutritional composition. The results were statistically analyzed descriptively and correlatively at 95% confidence limit. The tannin, saponine alkaloid, flavonoid, sterol and cyanides contents of the seeds increase with maturity. The increments were as follows: (1.49-278)%, (1.18-1.48)%, (0.95-1.25)%, (0.62-0.80)%, (0.80-0.4)%, (9.55-17.58)%
    It was also revealed that, the cyanide content was the highest with (9.55-17.58)% while the sterol content was the least with (0.08-0.14)% in composition. However, phytate, oxalate, haemoglutnin, trysin inhibitor, reduced with the seed maturity which ranged from (0.76-0.59)%, (1.23-0.84)% (8.75-5.83) Hu/s and (634.25-379.59) Tu/s respectively. The anti-nutrients examined were high. This implied that before the matured Okro seeds could be used in food and animal feed formulation, it has to be subjected to those pre-processing operation that could help reduce the anti-nutritional composition level.

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  • Body mass index and percent body fat of young male adolescents as a predictor of adult obesity

    ABSTRACT

    This project looks into the body mass index and percent body fat of young male adolescents as a predictor of adult obesity. In the recent past, it was thought that Obesity is a disease associated to adults, leaving the young (children) out of it. In studies carried out by Guo et al. (1994) & Must et al (1992), it was reported that adolescent weight is a good predictor of adult Obesity, so also did Telama et al (1997) that active children became active adults. In literature review: The purpose of this project work is to assess the Body Mass Index and percent body fat of male adolescents. methods and procedures: The research work is designed to evaluate the Body Mass Index and Percent Body Fat of young male adolescents as a predictor of adult obesity. data analysis result and discussion: This chapter presents the data obtained in the course of the study which is aimed at evaluating the Body Mass Index and Percent Body Fat of young male adolescent as a predictor of adult obesity. Variables such as age, height, weight, hip circumference and waist circumference were measured and all used in the presentation and analysis. In conclusion: This study was undertaken to evaluate the Body Mass Index and Percent Body Fat of young male adolescents as a predictor of adult obesity.

     

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  • THE COMPARATIVE EFFECT OF MYRISTICA FRAGANS (NUTMEG) AND AFRAMOMUM MELEGUETA (ALLIGATOR PEPPER) ON DEMESTES MACULATUS DEGEER.

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on The comparative effect of myristica fragans (nutmeg) and aframomum melegueta (alligator pepper) on demestes maculatus degeer. This work was done at the laboratory of the Fisheries and Marine Technology, Imo State polytechnic Umuagwo-Ohaji. Two plant products, Myristica fragans and Aframomum melegueta obtained from the local market were pulverized and dissolved in Alcohol and water at concentrations of 1g/l, 1.5g/l, 2g/l, 2.5g/l, 3g/l, 3.5g/l and 4g/l. Chunks of Clarias gariepinus (1cm Thick) were soaked in above solution for 24hours. These were smoke-dried and allowed to condition in the laboratory for two days before introducing the insect pest, Dermestes Maculatus. The insects were repelled by the treated fish for about 3days before they could bore into it and establish. Dry powder treatment was administered between 1g-4g/10g fish. Myristica fragans instantly repelled insects while Aframomum Melegenta did not. Myristica fragans powder at all levels of treatment caused significantly (P<0.05, ANOVA) higher mortalities than in control experiment. Myristica fragans dissolved in water (H2O) did not produce significant (P>0.05, ANOVA) mortality at all concentrations. M. fragans in Alcohol treatment produced significantly higher mortalities over Nutmeg (M. fragans) in water treatments. Alcohol extract of Nutmeg at 3.5g/l produced significantly (P<0.05 ANOVA) higher mortalities over all other concentrations. Treatment using Aligator pepper (Aframomum melegueta) in water at 2g/l gave significantly higher mortalities (P<0.05, ANOVA) between Nutmeg in Alcohol at 3g/l, Alcohol and Aligator treatment at 3.5g/l, Water and Aligator pepper at 2g/l. In powder treatments the highest mortalities were found in the highest doses 3.5g/10g fish when compared with doses of Aligator pepper (Aframomum Melegueta) were there were mortalities.

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  • Broiler production and value in Imo state a case study of Ezinihitte Mbaise

    ABSTRACT

    This research is on Broiler production and value in Imo state a case study of Ezinihitte Mbaise. The cost and return analysis of different sizes of integrated broiler farms in Oru East in Imo State has been carried out based on the primary data collected from 150 broiler farmers for the period Mar 2011 to Feb 2012. The study has shown that the total fixed investments per bird have been highest on small farms, followed by medium and large farms. The total cost of meat production per bird, returns per bird over the variable costs has been found highest on small broiler farms, followed by medium and large farms. On the basis of net present value, and internal rate of return, investment in broiler farming has been found profitable in all farm-sizes, it being most profitable on large farms, followed by medium and small farms. The small broiler farms have been observed highly sensitive to increase in costs and decrease in net returns. The study has observed that broiler farming is a profitable venture and has a bright future in the Imo State agro based industry for improving economic status of the farming community in general and in the study are in particular.

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  • EFFECT OF POULTRY MANURE ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF TERFERA

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on effect of poultry manure on the growth and yield of Tefera. A field trial was carried out at the Imopoly Farm to determine the effects of rate of poultry manure on the growth and yield of Watermelon. Six different rates of poultry manure were replicated three times on eighteen beds. The treatments were; control plot, 2 tons/ha, 4 tons/ha, 6 tons/ha, 8 tons/ha, 10 tons/ha. The treatments were arranged in a completely randomized block design. The experiment was carried out between February, 2011 and April 2011.
    Data were taken on the growth and yield parameters. Five plants were randomly selected and tagged per plot for data collection. Establishment count; Plant height; Stem girth; Number of leaves per plant and Leaf area, were taken at 5 WAP and at harvest, to assess growth. Number of fruits per plant; Fresh fruit weight per bed, were taken to assess the yield.
    The results of this study showed that Watermelon growth is not significantly different at 5 WAP. At harvesting, highest stem girth of 32.40mm was obtained with 4tons/ha while the lowest of 28.50mm was from 6tons/ha. Watermelon yield of 1.69kg was highest from 6tons/ha, while the lowest of 0.87kg was got from 4tons/ha.
    The results of the study have shown that Watermelon will still perform fairly well without fertilizers on regularly – fertilized soils

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