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  • COMPLICATION ON BIBLIOGRAPHIC ABSTRACT AND INDEX

    INTRODUCTION
    This research is on Information retrieval systems in academic libraries (a case study of federal polytechnic, nekede owerri). This complication dealt with taxation as a subject, its principles objectives, classes, purpose and effect in any given economy weather.
    Taxation is a compulsory but non-punitive levy on properties, income of individual and co-operation bodies. The money raised there constitutes part of source of finance for general government expenditure in the economy. It involves transfer of resources or income from private sector to the public sector in order to accomplish or achieve some of the major economic social and economic responsibilities under taken by the government.
    Taxation according to the encyclopedia is the process by which the people pay for the expenses of the government.
    System of taxation taxes are classified as progressive proportional or regressive according to the percentage of income they take as income raises or fails.
    a. Progressive Tax System: Under the progressive taxation, the higher the proportion of income, which is taken away as tax and lower the income, the proportion of income taken away an increasing proportion of raises.
    b. Proportional Tax System: This system whereby the rate of taxation is the small for all human earners.
    c. Regressive Tax System: The higher the income the lower the percentage income which is taken away as tax. Regressive taxation s common where the rich and poor have to pay some amount of money as tax, either directly as poll tax indirectly in the form of higher prices. A goods and services consumed by both the rich and the poor. In west Africa most taxes are regressive since people in the various communities are usually asked to pay certain fixed sum of money toward certain development project. Irrespective of income and also since indirect taxes like import and export duties from a greater proportion of government revenues.

    SOME ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF TAXATION
    1. A deterrent to work: Heavy direct taxation especially when closely linked to current earnings can act as a serious check to production by encouraging absenteeism and making men disinclined to work overtime. However direct taxation may actually increased to incentive to work in order to earn more money as to buy goods which the indirect taxes have made clearer.
    2. A deterrent to Savings: Taxation will clearly reduce people?s ability to save, since it leaves them with less money as their disposal. Taxation may therefore act as deterrent to savings.
    3. A deterrent to enterprise: Those who regard profit as a round for enterprise condemn tax on profit because they consider that such taxes checks enterprise. It is argued that the business men will embark on large profit if they are successful. Heavy taxation on profit, it is said, robs them of their possible reward without providing compensation on the case of failure.
    4. Taxation may encourage inflation: We have already seen that one of the methods used to fight inflation is to budget for a large surplus, the object being to reduce by increased taxation the amount of purchasing power in the hands of consumers, with full employment however increased indirect taxation will lead to demand for higher wages, thereby encouraging inflation.
    5. Diversion of Economics: Taxation of commodities may force produce to direct resources into tax free areas irrespective of the people?s wish.
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    TABLE OF CONTENTS
    TITLE PAGE i
    APPROVAL PAGE ii
    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii
    PREFACE v
    DEDICATION vi
    INTRODUCTION vii
    TABLE OF CONTENT xii
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC ENTRIES 1
    AUTHOR INDEX 4
    CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX 5
    SOURCE INDEX 6

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    BIBLIOGRAPHIC ENTRIES
    ESTATE PLANNING
    1. Eziyi, Kalu. 2009. Abia lays foundation of multi-million mechanic village. Financial Standards. 2 Feb., 49.
    2. Olaniyi, 2009. Real estate development can solve hosing problem. Financial Standards. 9 Feb., 46.
    3. Okenwa, Stan. 2008. Property Values rise beyond expectation. Daily Champion. 17 Nov., 31.
    4. Akubu, John. 2009. British council donates equipment to school in Kano. Financial Standards. 2 Feb., 12.
    5. Adebimpe, Afuku. 2008. Cornerstone insurance quarter 3 premium hit N 3.0b. Daily Champion. 20 Nov., 4.

    FINANCIAL EDUCATION
    6. Alao, Salimo. 2009. Expert suggests categorization of banks to solve financial crisis. Daily Champion. 29 April, 6.
    7. Buchanna, J.M. 2010. Public finance relation. National Tax Journal. 4, No 2: 32-29.
    8. Aboye, Patrick. 2012. South Africa has first budget surplus. Daily Sun. 26 Feb., 34.
    9. Akwaja, Chima. 2009. Federal government wants to tackle intellectual property piracy. Financial Standards. 9. Feb., 7.
    10. Anyanwucha, B.A. 2013. Classification of tax Onitsha African publishers. Direct Tax in Economy.

    GOVERNMENT ECONOMICS
    11. Anyanwucha, R.A. 2012. Function of taxation. Onitsha African publishers.
    12. Adideji, Aganga Williams. 2013. Putting excess crude oil income to work. The Punch. 20 Nov., 14.
    13. Emeana, Chinedum. 2011. Bayelsa surviving on agricultural income. Financial Standards. 2 Feb., 52.
    14. Zanab, Bon. 2010. Income generating activities. Daily Sun. 21. Feb., 21.
    15. Esin, Hilda. 2012. Nigerian first virtual income opportunity programme launched. This Day. 18, Dec., 5.
    GENERAL TAX
    16. Duru Nnamdi. 2011. Insurance firms collatorate on marketing. This Day. 15 April, 34.
    17. _________________. 2011. Champion insurance day guest lecturer. Daily Champion. 12 Dec., 20.
    18. Okenwa, Stan. 2008. Investing in rewarding. Daily Champion. 17 Nov., 34.
    19. Herberter, Goltfriend. 2011. Economic growth and stability: Analysis of economic change and policies in taxation. New York: Green Hill.
    20. Iba, Louis. 2009. Federal government set to raise new policy for transport sector. Daily Sun. 21. Feb., 41.
    AUTHOR INDEX
    Aboye, Patrick
    Adideji, Aganga Williams
    Adebimpe, Afuku
    Akubu, John
    Akwaja, Chima
    Buchanna, J.M
    Duru Nnamdi
    Emeana, Chinedum
    Esin, Hilda
    Eziyi, Kalu
    Herberter, Goltfriend
    Iba, Louis
    Okenwa, Stan
    Olaniyi
    Zanab, Bon
    Alao, Salimo
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    CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX
    2008 3, 5, 10, 18
    2009 1, 2, 4, 6, 9, 20
    2010 7, 14
    2011 13, 16, 17
    2012 8, 11, 15
    2013 10, 12
    2014 19
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    SOURCE INDEX
    Daily Sun 8, 14, 20
    Daily Champion 3, 5, 6, 17, 18
    Financial Standard 1, 2, 4, 13
    National Tax Journal 7
    The Punch 12,
    This Day 15, 16
    Direct tax in economy 10, 11
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    PART TWO
    INDEX COMPILATION OF TAXATION IN NIGERIA (2008 ? 2014)

    BY

    OZOEMENA OLUCHUKWU GRACE
    FPO/ND/RII/LIS/013/114

    PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE, SCHOOL OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    OCTOBER, 2014.
    DEDICATION
    This work is dedicated to God Almighty who has been making thing possible for me.
    ?
    PREFACE
    This bibliography is on taxation. It is meant to satisfy the research needs in both students and lecturers. The inadequate availability of information for student and researcher in the field of taxation has been a major problem in the world of academics.
    This factor has been the highest motivation in the compilation of the bibliography.
    I hope it will be useful for student, lecturers and scholars of all grades, who are seeking information on the best text to taxation.
    In the course of the compilation of this work, courses use explored and exploited including books, articles, books reviews, journals, magazines and newspapers.

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
    Bringing this to a successful completion, I give much thanks and gratitude to some thoughtful individual who made this a reality for me.
    Firstly, I am grateful to the Almighty God who for his infinite mercy gave me the life to begin this project and to finish it without problems. I also wish to thank my able supervisor, Mrs. Onyejeakor Sandra for who through her careful through criticism and helpful suggestions made through for the successful execution of this bibliography.
    My thanks goes to my loving parent Mr. and Mrs. Basil Ozoemena, t

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  • EVALUATION OF TECHNICAL SERVICESIN ABIA STATE CENTRAL LIBRARY BOARD, UMUAHIA.

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on Evaluation of technical services in Abia state central library board, Umuahia. This study is on the Evaluation of Technical Services in Abia State Central Library Board, Umuahia. The study is divided into five (5) chapters. Chapter 1: It deals with the introduction/background of study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, scope of the study, significance of the study, definition of terms. Chapter 2: Literature review, in this chapter, the researcher presents the materials which he uses/consulted in enlightening some of the points and information in the study. Chapter 3: Research methodology, Design of the study, area of study, population, sample and sample techniques, instrumentation (instrument for data collection), validity of instrument, instrument for data collection, distribution and retrieval of the instrument, data analysis techniques. Chapter 4: Presentation and data/findings, data analysis interpretation/discussion of findings. Chapter 5: Summary, conclusion, recommendation.

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  • INFORMATION DISSEMINATION ON AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA: A CASE OF STUDY ANAMBRA STATE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (ADP) AWKA.

    ABSTRACT
    This project aims at looking at information Dissemination on Agriculture in Nigeria, this is a particular reference to ADP Awka agricultural development programme in Anambra State. Its purpose were to find out what constituted the problem of information dissemination on agriculture. The study identified various information flow to farmers.
    A properly organized and effective information network facilitates the adoption of new technology by the farmers, which in effect raise agricultural product.
    To ensure the success of agricultural support service to farmers, immense attention must be paid to efficient organization of agricultural information services with well trained staff.
    An important complement to effective information dissemination of timely needed information.
    TABLE OF CONTENTS

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  • INFORMATION NEEDS AND RESOURCE UTILIZATION BY PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS: A CASE STUDY OF ESUT TEACHING HOSPITAL PARKLANE ENUGU

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on Information needs and resource utilization by people living with HIV/AIDS: a case study of ESUT teaching hospital Parklane Enugu. The study was carried out on the information needs and resource utilization by people living with Human Immune Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in ESUT Teaching Hospital Parklane Enugu. Health is of utmost important in every human facet, that is the reason why every hand should be on deck to promote it. Chapter one of this research work is concerned with a brief discussion of what HIV/AIDS is, problems facing people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), information needs and resource utilization was focused on. Chapter two deals with review of related literature, the review was focused on HIV/AIDS. Information needs of people living with HIV/AIDS, information used by people living with HIV/AIDS, the extent to which information resources encourage and support the people living with HIV/AIDS, to take positive action to deal with HIV/AIDS, the benefits driven from the used information resources, barriers to access and utilization of information, resources and strategies to overcome the barriers. Chapter three shows the method of carrying out the research. Questionnaire will be used for data collection. Chapter four is the analysis and presentation of data collection and discussion of findings while chapter five deals with the summary of findings, recommendation, conclusion and suggestions for further studies.
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  • INFORMATION RETRIEVAL METHODS (A CASE STUDY OF ONITSHA DIVISIONAL LIBRARY)

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on Information retrieval methods (a case study of Onitsha divisional library). This study aims at finding the information retrieval system is basically a system that stores records in a file for data relevant to each request. The purpose of such system is to help access and use of knowledge which has been recorded. This study on information retrieval methods: A case study of Onitsha divisional library is an investigation into the various means adopted by the library under study in their information retrieval process. Particular attention is paid to existing information retrieval methods use in the library and how suitable they are, the basic advantages of digital information retrieval system over manual were also revealed by the study. The research methodology adopted for the research is the survey method; data was collected using questionnaire together with observation. The study also revealed the information retrieval process in the library is manual which the library organizes each materials through cataloguing, classification and indexing. Base on the problem encountered, some useful suggestions on how to improve on the information retrieval function in the library were made. The study also concluded by suggesting that further research study be made.

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  • INFORMATION RETRIEVAL SYSTEMS IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES (A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, NEKEDE OWERRI)

    ABSTRACT
    This research is on Information retrieval systems in academic libraries (a case study of federal polytechnic, nekede owerri). Information retrieval systems in libraries are basically systems that store record in a file for data relevant to each request, retrieve the data and provide the information on request. The purpose of such system is to help access and use of the knowledge which has been recorded. This study on information retrieval systems in libraries a case study of Federal Polytechnic Libraries, Nekede, Owerri is an investigation into the various means adopted by the library under study in their information retrieval process. Particular attention was paid to the existing information retrieval systems in use in the library and how suitable they are, the basic advantages of digital information retrieval over manual were also revealed by the study. The research methodology adopted for the research was the survey method, data was collected using questionnaire and oral interview together with observation. The study also revealed the information retrieval process in the library is manual which the library organizes its materials through cataloguing, classification and indexing. Based on the problems encountered, some useful recommendations on how to improve on the information retrieval functions in the library were made. The study also concluded by suggesting that further research study should be made.

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  • SCHOOL LIBRARIES AS AN EFFECTIVE INSTRUMENT FOR ACHIEVING ACADEMIC EXCELLENCE A CASE STUDY OF SCHOOLS IN OWERRI TOWN

    ABSTRACT
    This project work is on the school library as an effective instrument for academic excellence of schools on Owerri town. The aim of this research survey is to determine and examine the extent of services being rendered to library users, the stock of the library and to some extent the problems placing the library. The character and efficiency of any institution and that of its various categories of populace is adjusted by its treatment of its central organ the library along with the school, college, the news media and other manifestations of the ?knowledge industry? is one of the agencies through which the institution of education exerts its influence on society, the library satisfy the basic information, education, cultural and other needs of its clienteles in their general and specific intellectual fields and pursuits. Information is preserved in the print and non-print medium and the school library acquires, organize, interprets, preserves and stores the information purveying media for easy access and consultation thus, today is the gateway to broadcast world or scholarly information for pupils, students and teachers. School libraries are an information and is indispensable to a pupils or students advancement or self development. The right information at the right time, at the right place to improves the ability of a students, pupils or teacher. School libraries therefore are not the basis of all teaching and learning, it is also essential for promoting and enhancing intellectual or academic pursuits. Also its aim at establishing a firm knowledge of school and general subjects by making choices of these materials to select those which will build up a firm and realistic foundation. The wide range of such materials provides an incentive to use them to impart knowledge and for preparing pupils and students also for their various examinations. In which they give useful experience and increase self confidence and develop basis for more advanced work and they through their use the pupils and students will in the best sense of the words, striving for excellence in their academic. These places the school libraries are at a position of relevance and explains why it is an effective instrument for achieving excellence.

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  • THE CLASSIFICATION AND KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPMENT BY TECHNICAL LIBRARIANS IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES IN ANAMBRA STATE.

    ABSTRACT
    The major purpose of this work was to investigation classification and knowledge development by technical librarians in academic libraries in Anambra State it was also directed to find out the factors militating against effective knowledge development in academic libraries, survey design was considered most appropriate and was adopted. The population of the study was 400,000 people while the sample sizes was 400 respondents selected using the Taro Yamane formula for sample selection. It was found out that inadequate facilities is one of the factors affecting knowledge development in academic libraries in Anambra State. It was found out there was lack of accessibility and utilization of academic libraries in Anambra State. In conclusion, it was concluded that Anambra State has been described by researchers as a failed state due to it?s incapacitations to provide enabling environment for knowledge development in academic libraries. It was recommended that both Anambra State and private individuals should join hands in building up effective academic libraries which will enhance effective knowledge development in Anambra State, the researcher also brought forward. ICTs knowledge development in academic library as the area for further research work in Anambra State.
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  • BIBLIOGRAPHIC SURVEY ON ACADEMIC STAFF UNION OF POLYTECHNIC (ASUP) STRIKE IN NIGERIA

    INTRODUCTION
    Down through the ages, education has always been at the force front of human existence, which entails that without education in this 21st century, its really going to be hard for the youths to make through for a better future.
    According to Longman dictionary ? education? can be define as the process of teaching and learning usually at school, collage or university, polytechnics on its own is an edifice of teaching and learning.
    Strike also was define as a situation whereby a groups of workers stop working for a period of time because they want a better pay or better working conditions. The 2011-2014 academic staff union of polytechnics (ASUP) strike was taken upon because the conditions which they expected the federal government to work on so as to enhance teaching in the various polytechnics in the country was overlooked and not paid attention to by the government.

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  • A BIBLIOGRAPHIC SURVEY ON TYPES OF LIBRARIES IN NIGERIA (2004 – 2010)

    INTRODUCTION
    Down through the ages, education has always been at the for front of human existence, which entails that without education in this 21st century, its really going to be hard for the youths to make through for a better future.
    According to Longman Dictionary ?education? can be defined as the process to teaching and learning usually at school, college or university, polytechnics on its own is an edifice of teaching and learning.
    Strike also was defined as a situation whereby a group of workers stop working for a period of time because they went a better pay or better working conditions. The 2013 academic staff union of polytechnics (ASUP) strike was taken upon because the conditions which they expected the federal government to work on so as to enhance teaching in the various polytechnics in the country was over looked and not paid attention to by the government.
    BREAKDOWN OF THE ASUP STRIKE
    1. Preparation/Embarking
    2. Appeal
    3. Resolution
    4. Violence
    5. Direct Action.

    DEFINITION OF BREAKDOWN
    1. Preparation/Embarking: According to Longman Dictionary, these two subjects can be used to ascertain/talk about something starting now. It means starting something new for any reason.
    2. Appeal: Oxford Learner?s Dictionary also defines an appeal as an urgent public request regarding a particular matter.
    3. Resolution: The dictionary stands firmly to define this as an act and behaviour of being resolution. Therefore, being resolute also is defined to mean being determined not to change what you are doing because you are sure that you are right.
    4. Violence: This can be define as an act of being violent in the oxford learners dictionary, being violent/an act of violence can be define as involving actions that are in tended to injure or kill people or are likely to hurt them too.
    5. Direct Action: This can be define as a way of taking or involving major steps and particular decisions either to enhance or effect the present situation being faced at hand.
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    INDEXES ENTRIES
    Preparation/Embarking
    1. Adesulu, Dayo
    ASUP may resume strike, unless
    Embarking strike
    V ? 15 ? 07 ? 13 ? 9

    2. Ojiego, Nnamdi
    ASUP: Is strike still the best option
    Embarking strike
    V ? 09 ? 07 ? 13 ? 10

    3. Chukwuka, Chinedu.
    ASUP Strike: Why has the press forsaken us?
    Appeal
    DS ? 09 ? 07 ? 13 ? 33

    4. Ademola, Tayo.
    ASUP/ASUU Crisis: Vestries turn ghost towns,
    Poly students fear fresh strike
    Violence
    V ? 22 ? 08 ? 13 ? 10
    5. Olatunjia, David
    Strike: Travelers stranded as poly student protest
    Violence
    V ? 28 ? 06 ? 12 ? 6

    6. Adesulu, Dayo.
    ASUP exco meets on strike today
    Nagotiation
    V ? 16 ? 07 ? 12 ? 4

    7. Adesulu, Dayo
    Senate wades into ASUP strike
    Direct Action
    V ? 04 ? 07 ? 12 ? 4

    8. Agbakwuru, Johnbosco
    F.G. not ready to implement agreement ASUP
    Direct Action
    V. 19 ? 05 ? 14 – 41
    9. Ojiego, Nnamdi
    Poly students slam media over blackout
    Resolution
    V. 03 ? 07 ? 14 ? 6

    10. Soni, Daniel
    ASUP Strike: Arewa youths ask education minister to resign
    Resolution
    V. 26 ? 08 ? 14 ? 16

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  • BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION ON CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA POLITICAL SYSTEM (2009-2013)

    INTRODUCTION
    Political corruption is not a recent phenomenon that per4vades the Nigerian state. Since the creation of modern public administration in the country, there have been cases of official mosuse of resource for personal enrichment.
    Nigeria ranked 139th out of 176 countries in Transparency international. The rise of public administration and the discovery of petroleum and natural gas are two major events seen to have led to a litary of ignoble corrupt practices in the country. Over the years, the country has seen if wealth withered with little for show in living condition of the average human being.
    The pervasive corruption has been blamed on colonialism, according to this view; the nation colonial history may have restricted any early influence in an ethical revolution. Throughout the colonel; period, most Nigerians were stuck in ignorance and poverty. The trapping of flash cars, houses and success of the colonist as symbols of success and to emulate the colonial.
    This view is what has degenerated for into the more recent disregarded for public property and lack of public trust and concern for public goods as a collection.

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