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APPRAISING THE PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF WORK IN SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZED CONSTRUCTION FIRM WITH A VIEW OF REDUCING BUILDING FAILURES AND HAZARDS ON BUILDING PROJECTS
The life of building might be difficult to access as all properties have from the date of erection been the subject of varying amount and standards or quality of materials used. It is expected of the construction firms to have intension that the buildings are constructed to last at least sixty years 60 without problem. This research work is then aimed at assessing the way of improving the productivity and quality of work in both small and medium sized construction firms in order to reduce the collapse or failure and hazards of building in our environment. Reference to relevant literature shall form the basis of this work. Some interview will be conducted through questionnaire on how to improve the productivity and quality of work, how to reduce building failures and hazards in our environment and how the work in small and medium sized construction firms will be improved.
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AN APPRAISAL AND RE-ACTIVATION OF ABANDONED BUILDING PROJECTS A Case Study of Construction Industries in Lagos State
ABSTRACT The construction industry in Nigeria is littered with many billions of naira worth of uncompleted projects in reckless states of abandonment. Many claims and counter claims have been traded as to the cause of this unpleasant situation. Abandoned projects are projects once initiated but stopped due to one reason or the other, this study reveals that these abandoned projects are more in the rural areas than the urban centres of Lagos state. This study is concerned with the identification of the major causes of project abandonment with a view or process of reactivating these abandoned building projects and proffering solutions to obviate and reduce this ugly trend. Causes of abandonment of project include; death of the client, fraud, lack of cash flow forecast e.t.c. Implication of such projects are; social, economic and physical implications some of the proffered recommendation include regular assessment of work in progress, offending contractors should be blacklisted, the procedure of awarding contracts should be devoid of sentiments of favouritism amongst others. The consequence of abandonment of building projects were highlighted to include: tying down of funds and land spaces, extra cost involved in completion of such projects, continued scarcity of residential accommodation, defacing the landscape and harbouring people of deviant behaviour, reduction in the Gross Domestic Product G.D.P and the associated stigma. Suggestion were proffered as to how abandoned of projects could be minimised and how some of the abandoned projects could be revived and completed. Prominent among such suggestion include: adequate planning of projects, proper cost planning/financial appraisal of project, proper site investigations, selection of reputable contractors/manager to oversee project execution.
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ANALYSIS OF CONVENTIONAL PROCUREMENT STRATEGIES AND THEIR APPLICATION IN NIGERIA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
ABSTRACT Procurement systems and project organization provide the framework for implementation and development of projects. Procurement systems and project organizations are well studied and established for major developments and in developed countries in particular. When these systems are used in developing countries for major commercial, social and infrastructure developments, appropriate results are seldom achieved. This may be due to a variety of factors, which include systematic, environmental, cultural, economic, legal, political and social cultural amongst others. Notwithstanding this, a major challenge in the establishment of appropriate and sustainable procurement systems and project organizational models for lowcost housing and infrastructure. The proper aims to propose a generic model of procurement system and project organization based on theory and practice as a basis for the implementation and development of lowcost housing.
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ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FIVE STAR HOTEL
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.0 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
STATEMENT OF ARCHITECTURAL PROBLEMS.
A hotel can be said to wear two faces. The paying customer sees only the front of the complex and this must be all he desires a wish fulfillment, an ago blinder, a status symbol and the promise of great delight.
The back of the hotel complex is all that makes things happen. These include the kitchens, stores, service, etc. this area must be laid out with two paramount objectives: control and efficiency. Control is important because pilfering is a real danger while inefficiency results in time wastage and reduction in productivity.
When a guest enters the hotel lobby, he should be over whelmed by a feeling of serenity or enchantment or revulsion, but never confusion. The registration desk for instance and the elevators should be immediately apparent. The main administrative area usually backs up to the desk. The restaurants, bars and other such spaces should be either visible from or well indicated in the lobby area.,
I .the exploitation of the site configuration and characteristics in the location of facilities
ii. Circulation vertical and horizontal, Ie. The problem created by the different directional movements.
iii. The architecture of the proposed hotel complex must be attractive. The design elements must inspire and evoke feelings among the guests.
iv. The proper grouping and organization of functions in the whole site to arsid intrusive noise.
V. Provision of adequate parking facilities for both the staff and other users.
1.2 THE PROJECT AIMS
The aim of this project is to produce a design proposal for a fivestar hotel development at Emene, Enugu state. Also to attract foreign and local investors to establish part of their business in the state capital Enugu and Nigeria as a whole
THE PROJECT OBJECTIVE
The research will pursue the following objective:
Assessing the development of the hotel industry in Enugu state in particular and Nigeria in general.
Determining the socio economic implications of hotel development in Enugu state
Designing a hotel capable of catering for national and international guests in their diversity of needs, food, lodging, services, recreation, etc.
It should be capable of housing meetings, exhibitions, seminars, connections or business transactions and should meet the internationally accepted standard for five star hotels as much as possible.
It should strive to project the rich cultural heritage of Enugu state in particular and the Nigeria in general
It should solve inadequacy of accommodation supply, since newly created state capitals and increasingly short of accommodation in hotel services.
It should be able to accommodate those people on small or big business trips with informed taste, who do not like the hustle and bustle of the city center, but rather prefer the reserved atmosphere of a hotel and more freedom from the congested city environment, for instance those on relaxing weekend which may also need a relaxing atmosphere like a hotel.
It should not only help to make the economy of the state grow but also will add as a tourist attraction to the capital city of Enugu and many other factors that cannot be exhausted in this synopsis .
THE PROJECT MOTIVATION
This project topic has it genesis in my desire to do an intensive, demanding, but rewarding topic for the thesis project.
The emergence of Governor Sullivan Chime as the executive governor of the state from 2007 has brought a facelift for the state as well as an attendant influx of personnel for both business and state affairs mere catalyst for this project. Such projects will thus solve this problem of inadequate hotel accommodation, boost potentials for the state and provide an international business convection centre for both local and foreign businessmen. It is expected that the commercial cities of Enugu and neighboring Abia will boost its patronage since there is no existing five star hotel in Enugu.
THE PROJECT SCOPE
This thesis report looks at the universal principles of hotel design and uses this as a foundation for the design of a fivestar hotel for Enugu state. The study and analysis of local and international hotels were made and these helped me see the effect of theoretical design principles of life projects.
The project shall be a five star hotel of international standard. The hotel shall have about 250300 bedrooms with a high proportion of double bedded guest rooms together with interconnecting suites. The hotel shall be capable of catering for international and national guests in their diversity of needs.
Limitations encountered in the course of the study of this research include:
Paucity of material on the chosen thesis topic.
The problem of procuring the government station layout plan at Enugu the capital
Transportation and the fee to procure the plan from the plan office.