IMPACT OF COMPUTER IN A SOCIETY AND EDUCATION SYSTEM
Technology has far spread, so has the use of computers which can be found in different parts of the world including Africa and most especially Nigeria. A computer is a machine that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming, modern computers have the ability to follow generalized sets of operations, called programs. These programs enable computers to perform an extremely wide range of tasks, a complete computer is made up of hardware, the operating system (main software), and peripheral (keyboard, mouse, and joystick). This term computer can be used to refer to a group of computers that are connected and work together, in particular a computer network or computer cluster.
The society is made up of different types and classes of people, as it can be defined as a group that consists of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Societies are characterized by patterns of relationships (social relations) between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions; a given society may be described as the sum total of such relationships among its constituent of members.
The prevalence of technology affects society in so many positive ways, and that includes the education sector, as today’s students not only have computers to help them with their schoolwork, they have easy access to research tools while teachers use technology to enhance the impact of their lessons.
Development of science and technology has a direct effect on our daily lives as well as our social life. Computers and ICT have brought various changes in our lives and society. It has not only affected and reflected on an individual but also organization and society. With rapid advance growth and development in technology since the very first computer, we have seen a quantum leap in changes made that has affected us both in our present lives and future. It is really important to understand the impact of computer technology on society.
The computer and Technology have been widely considered as one of the greatest inventions of a 21st century, but it is also often blamed for many problems and even tragic events. The use of personal and home computers has increased exponentially since the 1980s. Computers are used in wide range of fields; it is almost impossible to find an office or an organization that doesn’t use computers. It is used in different fields like education, hospitals, hotels, offices etc. Despite the positive, this technology brings, negative side effects do exist.
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