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THE ASSESSMENT OF IGBO TRADITIONAL RULERS. (A CASE STUDY OF AMANDUGBA AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITY IN ISU L.G.A. IMO STATE).

ABSTRACT

This research is on the assessment of Igbo traditional rulers. (a case study of amandugba autonomous community in isu LGA Imo state). This project work was an insight into the roles and contributions of Igbo Traditional Rulers to nation building. After independence, Nigeria leaders were faced with the challenge of ensuring an economically, politically, and socio-cultural strong united and invisible Nigeria. This task would not be left for the elected state leaders alone hence the need for the traditional rulers to play significant roles for accomplishment of this task. Interviews were conducted from the data collected and secondary documents consulted, it was revealed that Igbo Traditional Rulers have played an important part in Nigeria development. The population of the study was the entire Igbo Traditional Rulers in Nigeria with particular reference to Igbo Traditional Rulers were now that we need them most.

 

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CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION
    • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

This research is on the assessment of Igbo traditional rulers. (a case study of amandugba autonomous community in isu LGA Imo state). For a proper analysis and understanding of the cultural and historical basis of Igbo Traditional Rulers, one has to accept to the fact that every society has its cultural heritage and value. Even in the developed world, modernization has not completely erased the cultural of the people in Nigeria, one of the cultural heritages in Igbo Traditional Rulers. It is obvious that, there has been an evolution through the years on places of Igbo Traditional Rulers and the roles they are expected to play in our national development. The above notwithstanding, Igbo Traditional Rulers in different peoples in the Nigeria colonial and post colonial Nigeria, the traditional ruler ships institution seems to be the most enduring pre-colonial institution that survived through forms of administration in modern Nigeria.

Traditional rulers or chieftaincy institutions in Nigeria have had a very chequered history. Before the advents of British colonial era, Igbo Traditional Rulers exercised political authority in their respective communities in varying degree as provided by their tradition and custom during the colonial era. The role of Igbo Traditional Rulers changed radically they became prime face rulers of their institution or communities under district commissioner, in the present Nigeria, the relevance and importance of Igbo Traditional Rulers have been fluctuating. It is against this backdrop that this work tends to analysis the salient roles performed by Igbo Traditional Rulers in national development and also to bring to limelight the relevance or otherwise of Igbo Traditional Rulers to nation building in the present day Nigeria with particular reference to Amandugba Autonomous Community in Isu Local Government Area of Imo state.

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

In any developing nation like Nigeria, the task of putting in places sustainable political, economic and social, cultural status. For development is not always the work of one and or a particular group of people. It involves the entire stakeholder governance of which Igbo Traditional Rulers are inclusive.

Igbo Traditional Rulers has prior to British institution in Nigeria been agents of development in their respective domains. They performed all functions needed for the nation building, following the institution into our political and economic system by the powers and relevance of these Igbo Traditional Rulersdimished substantially. They were related to the background in the scheme of things and some were used in the exploitation and manipulation of the indigenous people. This is one reason why some scholars had argued for the scrapping of the traditional ruler ship in the east brought about cultural debasement of our culture. It was believed that fellowing the independence of Nigeria, the Igbo Traditional Rulers would regain its prominence and contribute effectively in building of a new Nigeria, but this has not been as envisaged, as the fortune of these Igbo Traditional Rulers keeps on fluctuating from one regime to another.

There is also a continued debuted between and among scholars on the importance and relevance or otherwise of Igbo Traditional Rulers in Nigeria development. As a nation in the pipeline, the task of building a formidable Nigeria should not be the duty of modern institution of governance alone, there are roles which Igbo Traditional Rulers could play in nation building.

  • OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study is to bring to limelight of the efforts made by Igbo Traditional Rulers in ensuring strong and united Nigeria through some salient roles they performed in society the research will also identify and highlight some obstacles militating against the contribution of Igbo Traditional Rulers of traditional rulership, is still relevant to Nigeria development.

  • RESEARCH QUESTION
  1. What are the role traditional rulers played in nation building?
  2. Do traditional rulers create any impact in nation building?
  3. Is there any other way the traditional rulers can contribute toward the nation building.
  4. Did the masses feel the impact made by traditional ruler in nation building?
  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study is to bring to limelight of the efforts made by Igbo Traditional Rulers in ensuring strong and united Nigeria through some salient roles they performed in the society.

The research will also identify and highlight some obstacles militating against the contribution of Igbo Traditional Rulers of traditional rulership, is still relevant to Nigeria development.

The above issues among others are basic for the understanding of this research work.

  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

To show the relevance of Igbo Traditional Rulers to the modern Nigeria society especially in this period of our democracy.

The study will equally stress how Igbo Traditional Rulers can effectively use their position to bring about social economic development.

This project will be useful to scholars who engage in African studies since it will provide first hand information about the contributions of Igbo Traditional Rulers in nation building with particular reference to Amandugba Autonomous Community in Isu

It can also serve as a useful material for undergraduates and post graduates alike.

  • LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The aim of this study is to state the impact made by the Igbo Traditional Rulers in making sure that there is strong and united Nigeria through smart role they play in the society the research also identify some problem encounter by the traditional rulers in nation building. It also states weather the Igbo Traditional Rulers relevant to the development of Nigeria.

  • STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS

Hi: Igbo Traditional Rulers has played a unifying role in nation building.

Ho: Igbo Traditional Rulers has not played any unifying roles in nation building.

Hi: People believe that religion is a cog to the wheel of politics in Nigeria.

Ho: People do not believe that religion is a cog to the wheel of politics in Nigeria.

  • DEFINITION OF TERMS

TRADITION: This the total of a people’s belief’s customs, values, ethnics, orientations, in the post which still exist in the present.

INSTITUTION:  It is a relationship or behavioral pattern of importance of a community or society which has been in existence of a long time.

ADMINISTRATION: This is the management and directions of the affairs of government. It is the organization and direction of persons and resources to accomplish a desired end.

IGBO TRADITIONAL RULERS AND NATION BUILDING: It is the application and use of a people beliefs customs, values which the people have come to accept as valid and positive in the running of the affairs of their society in order to ensure stability, growth and the accomplishment of desired goals.

GOVERNMENT: It is the formal institution and processes through which building decision are made for a society and agency or machinery through which the desired of the state are realized.

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DescriptionABSTRACT This research is on the assessment of Igbo traditional rulers. (a case study of amandugba autonomous community in isu LGA Imo state). This project work was an insight into the roles and contributions of Igbo Traditional Rulers to nation building. After independence, Nigeria leaders were faced with the challenge of ensuring an economically, politically, and socio-cultural strong united and invisible Nigeria. This task would not be left for the elected state leaders alone hence the need for the traditional rulers to play significant roles for accomplishment of this task. Interviews were conducted from the data collected and secondary documents consulted, it was revealed that Igbo Traditional Rulers have played an important part in Nigeria development. The population of the study was the entire Igbo Traditional Rulers in Nigeria with particular reference to Igbo Traditional Rulers were now that we need them most.  
ContentCHAPTER ONE
  • INTRODUCTION
    • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
This research is on the assessment of Igbo traditional rulers. (a case study of amandugba autonomous community in isu LGA Imo state). For a proper analysis and understanding of the cultural and historical basis of Igbo Traditional Rulers, one has to accept to the fact that every society has its cultural heritage and value. Even in the developed world, modernization has not completely erased the cultural of the people in Nigeria, one of the cultural heritages in Igbo Traditional Rulers. It is obvious that, there has been an evolution through the years on places of Igbo Traditional Rulers and the roles they are expected to play in our national development. The above notwithstanding, Igbo Traditional Rulers in different peoples in the Nigeria colonial and post colonial Nigeria, the traditional ruler ships institution seems to be the most enduring pre-colonial institution that survived through forms of administration in modern Nigeria. Traditional rulers or chieftaincy institutions in Nigeria have had a very chequered history. Before the advents of British colonial era, Igbo Traditional Rulers exercised political authority in their respective communities in varying degree as provided by their tradition and custom during the colonial era. The role of Igbo Traditional Rulers changed radically they became prime face rulers of their institution or communities under district commissioner, in the present Nigeria, the relevance and importance of Igbo Traditional Rulers have been fluctuating. It is against this backdrop that this work tends to analysis the salient roles performed by Igbo Traditional Rulers in national development and also to bring to limelight the relevance or otherwise of Igbo Traditional Rulers to nation building in the present day Nigeria with particular reference to Amandugba Autonomous Community in Isu Local Government Area of Imo state.
  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
In any developing nation like Nigeria, the task of putting in places sustainable political, economic and social, cultural status. For development is not always the work of one and or a particular group of people. It involves the entire stakeholder governance of which Igbo Traditional Rulers are inclusive. Igbo Traditional Rulers has prior to British institution in Nigeria been agents of development in their respective domains. They performed all functions needed for the nation building, following the institution into our political and economic system by the powers and relevance of these Igbo Traditional Rulersdimished substantially. They were related to the background in the scheme of things and some were used in the exploitation and manipulation of the indigenous people. This is one reason why some scholars had argued for the scrapping of the traditional ruler ship in the east brought about cultural debasement of our culture. It was believed that fellowing the independence of Nigeria, the Igbo Traditional Rulers would regain its prominence and contribute effectively in building of a new Nigeria, but this has not been as envisaged, as the fortune of these Igbo Traditional Rulers keeps on fluctuating from one regime to another. There is also a continued debuted between and among scholars on the importance and relevance or otherwise of Igbo Traditional Rulers in Nigeria development. As a nation in the pipeline, the task of building a formidable Nigeria should not be the duty of modern institution of governance alone, there are roles which Igbo Traditional Rulers could play in nation building.
  • OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to bring to limelight of the efforts made by Igbo Traditional Rulers in ensuring strong and united Nigeria through some salient roles they performed in society the research will also identify and highlight some obstacles militating against the contribution of Igbo Traditional Rulers of traditional rulership, is still relevant to Nigeria development.
  • RESEARCH QUESTION
  1. What are the role traditional rulers played in nation building?
  2. Do traditional rulers create any impact in nation building?
  3. Is there any other way the traditional rulers can contribute toward the nation building.
  4. Did the masses feel the impact made by traditional ruler in nation building?
  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to bring to limelight of the efforts made by Igbo Traditional Rulers in ensuring strong and united Nigeria through some salient roles they performed in the society. The research will also identify and highlight some obstacles militating against the contribution of Igbo Traditional Rulers of traditional rulership, is still relevant to Nigeria development. The above issues among others are basic for the understanding of this research work.
  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
To show the relevance of Igbo Traditional Rulers to the modern Nigeria society especially in this period of our democracy. The study will equally stress how Igbo Traditional Rulers can effectively use their position to bring about social economic development. This project will be useful to scholars who engage in African studies since it will provide first hand information about the contributions of Igbo Traditional Rulers in nation building with particular reference to Amandugba Autonomous Community in Isu It can also serve as a useful material for undergraduates and post graduates alike.
  • LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The aim of this study is to state the impact made by the Igbo Traditional Rulers in making sure that there is strong and united Nigeria through smart role they play in the society the research also identify some problem encounter by the traditional rulers in nation building. It also states weather the Igbo Traditional Rulers relevant to the development of Nigeria.
  • STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS
Hi: Igbo Traditional Rulers has played a unifying role in nation building. Ho: Igbo Traditional Rulers has not played any unifying roles in nation building. Hi: People believe that religion is a cog to the wheel of politics in Nigeria. Ho: People do not believe that religion is a cog to the wheel of politics in Nigeria.
  • DEFINITION OF TERMS
TRADITION: This the total of a people’s belief’s customs, values, ethnics, orientations, in the post which still exist in the present. INSTITUTION:  It is a relationship or behavioral pattern of importance of a community or society which has been in existence of a long time. ADMINISTRATION: This is the management and directions of the affairs of government. It is the organization and direction of persons and resources to accomplish a desired end. IGBO TRADITIONAL RULERS AND NATION BUILDING: It is the application and use of a people beliefs customs, values which the people have come to accept as valid and positive in the running of the affairs of their society in order to ensure stability, growth and the accomplishment of desired goals. GOVERNMENT: It is the formal institution and processes through which building decision are made for a society and agency or machinery through which the desired of the state are realized.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY This research work is on The effects bureaucracy on productivity and efficiency in the service delivery of the Ministry of education, Oyo state, Nigeria. The purpose of a Bureaucracy is to successfully implement the actions of an organization of any size (but often associated with large initiatives such as government corporation and non-governmental organizations), in achieving its purpose and mission, the bureaucracy is tasked to determine how it can achieve its purpose and mission with the greatest possible efficiency and at the least cost of any resources. The principle of social organization which characterizes the twentieth century industrial society is ?rational coordination? otherwise known as ?Bureaucracy?. Under this form of organization, people are brought together in formal and complex settings run by professionals and experts. The professionals are called ?Bureaucrats? while the organizations they run are known as "Bureaucracies". The nineteenth century produced a number of brilliantly descriptive and literacy accounts of modern bureaucracies. Many writers call attention to the increasing bureaucratization of human activity but Max Wcber a German Sociologist historian and economist is credited with having made the most thorough analysis of bureaucracy (Mullins 1999). The main contention in the writings of those scholars is that more and more spheres of life are being dominated by large organizations and increasing number of people are becoming employees of complex organization. As a matter of fact, quite a few aspect of medium society can be studied without reference to bureaucracy. Most obviously in the business world and in modern establishments, the coordination of specialization in accordance with impersonal rule is highly developed and adopted. The same trend has also been observed to be the pattern in every other areas of the society. Wilmot (1785) and Applebaum and Chamblis (1995) argued that bureaucracy starts from birth (health bureaucracy) to family upbringing (social welfare), to school (educational) to work (civil service, military, commercial, industrial) to worship and death (religion): man is increasingly dominated by bureaucracy. Every sphere of modern life has thus become very bureaucratic as people are born into bureaucracies; grow in it, live with it and even die in it. It is bureaucracy all the way and all the time. Right from the unset of this world, man has co-operatively organized as a group to work towards a directed goal in a directive manner. Indeed the prevalence of complex bureaucracies is believed to be the structural frame work in our recent organizations. No less important to mention is the fact these complex organizations are established not only to find solution to given human problems but to do efficiently. It is not surprising therefore that in the new turn era; the central concern of several classical society analyses was the issues of how man is going to organize human society in general and more specifically his productive activities in the most efficient way to achieve maximum benefits. It is at this basis that bureaucratic organization are guided and pirated in man?s bid to perfect and actualize him through socio-economic development that any impediment to their efficient operation should be incised seriously. Indeed, the fact that Nigerians fought a civil war six years after independence, followed immediately by another six years of unprecedented oil boom in which extreme materialism took over the control of Nigerians mind and total soul, led to the enthronement of indiscipline, corruption and a lot contempt for order honors and excellence within the whole society including the bureaucratic public. In the light of this, one sees bureaucracy as a formal- rational organized social structure with clearly defined pattern of activities in which every series of action is fundamentally related. The study therefore centers on ministry of education, Oyo state in order to determine the extent to which bureaucracy contributed towards the Civil service delivery. 1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM In the recent times, the Nigerian economy has witnessed a steady and rapid decrease service delivery in almost all the areas of the economy. The preliminary investigations carried out by this research shows that the civil service also experienced similar problems of the steady and rapid decrease in productivity which was due to lack or inadequate motivation and bureaucratic efficiency following this, the researcher has decided to find out whether the problem arose because of bureaucratic inefficiency, if so, what could be done to ensure efficiency and enhance service delivery and productivity. In doing this, an attempt will be made to expose the bureaucratic system already being employed by the management of Civil service. The reactions of the workers to these techniques and whether they were understood as expected. 1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY 1. To examine the relationship between bureaucracy and service delivery in the Civil service. 2. To show the bureaucratic pattern employed by the management of Civil service aimed at inducing over reaction for the enhancement of service. 3. Probe and find out what may be the likely management problem with bureaucracy in the Civil service. 4. Show the effects bureaucracy has on productivity and efficiency in the service delivery of the Ministry of education, Oyo state. 5. Proffer solution to identified management deficiencies in the management of bureaucracy. 6. Finally, document the findings for interested researchers in the future. 1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. Is there any relationship between bureaucracy and service delivery in the Civil service? 2. To what extent do you think that bureaucracy determine the service delivery of Civil service? 3. Does bureaucratic process prevent Civil service from formulating and implementing effective policies? 4. How do you think the ministry of education, Oyo state can best apply the process of bureaucracy? 5. Should the principles of bureaucracy be abolished in our Civil service? 6. Has bureaucracy no significant impact in Nigeria Civil service? 1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study is expected to be of immense importance in management decision making in ministry of education, Oyo state as well as other top researchers and consequently to the nation in general. The study will specifically be beneficial in the following ways: i. It will make the management of ministry of education, Oyo state to appreciate fully the principles of bureaucracy. ii. It will enable managers to identify the causes of how productivity is in relation to principles of bureaucracy. iii. The result will help in the enhancement of efficiency and consequently productivity at the ministry of education, Oyo state when properly addressed. iv. It will be of immense guide to future researchers who intend to explore and understand further concepts of bureaucracy especially in service organization like. 1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY For the purpose of clarity, the subject of this researcher work focuses on the impact of bureaucracy in the service delivery of the Nigeria civil service. This study intends to cover the activities of ministry of education, Oyo state. 1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY 1. Network interconnectivity to enhance elaborate research. 2. High level of illiteracy. 3. Organization operational huddles. 4. Time and cost constraints due to cause of scarcity in gasoline to go about the research.CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Local Government authority or council is one of the three tires of Government. Although it is regarded as the grassroots government because of it closeness to the masses. Local Government also performs certain business transactions that are peculiar to other business entities or government owned companies. Therefore local government is the most important government of our land. Local government authorities being then earnest and immediate government to the average citizen of a nation need to properly account for the administration of all revenues collected 1ll the dispensation of welfare services to the people. 1.1 BACK GROUND OF STUDY. Section 7 2 of the 1989 constitute states that Each of the local government of as state is empowered to establish an authority for the purpose of local government. Rimi 1979 stated that the man in the village does not care about who the President of Nigeria is or who the Governor of cross river state is. He cares only those who are councilors and the chairman of his local government. The federal government policies cannot effectively implemented to benefit rural people without using the local governments as their agents. As a result of government actions of establishing local government as the third tier of government, it also granted autonomy to it by allocation funds to the local government councils and they also raise funds from the collection of revenue tax, levies etc, the local governments also spend their money through embarking on projects. So proper record ought to be kept to record , the receipts of funds, expenses and expenditures made by the council ad also to enable it exercise full powers in terms of development. TABLE OF CONTENT Title Certification Dedication Acknowledgement Abstract Table of content CHAPTER ONE 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Background to the study 1.2 Statement of the problem 1.3 Research question 1.4Objectives of the study 1.5 Significance of the study 1.6The Scope of the study CHAPTER TWO 2.1 Literature Review 2.2 Attributes of control system with special reference to internal audit 2.3 local government administration and their key 2.4 Nature 0f Local government Accounting 2.5 The role of finance and general purpose 2.6 The concept of internal control questionnaires 2.7 Internal control system flow chart 2.8 Internal audit of local government and advantage 2.9 Budgeting as a tool for local government internal control 2. 10 Features and effective audit system CHAPTER THREE 3.0 I introduction 3.1 Research design 3.2 Source of data and collection method 3.3 Sampling technique and sample size 3.4 Analytical technique. CHAPTER FOUR 4.0 Data presentation, analysis and interpretation 4.1 Data Presentation analysis 4.2 Interpretation of data 4.3 Summary of finding 43 CHAPTER FIVE 5.0 Summary conclusion and recommendations 5.1 Summary findings 5.2 Concisions 5.3 Recommendations Bib1iograpy Appendix                  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study The solidity of Nigeria?s public enterprises became significant immediately after independence on 1st October, 1960. On assumption of power, the nationalists articulated a clear role for public enterprises as instruments for promoting national development. The indigenization policy of 1972 as enacted by the Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Decree of 1972, which took effect from 1st April 1974, with its subsequent amendment in 1976 provided a concrete basis for governments? intensified efforts towards participation in the ownership and management of public enterprises (Elijah, 2009). The government capital investments in public enterprise totaled 23 billion naira between 1975 and 1985. In addition to equity investments, government gave subsidies of 11.5 billion naira to various states for the maintenance of their enterprises (Ogundipe 1986). Government has a lot of roles to play in order to raise the standard of living of her citizens.CHAPTER ONE GENERAL OVERVIEW 1.1INTRODUCTION Development, with respect to countries can be examined from various perspectives, depending on the countries involved For instance, the meaning attached to it by the developed countries could be different from that of the developing or lessdeveloped countries. This, therefore, suggests that there is not likely to be an all embracing description or definition acceptable the world over. However, Rogerian 1996 argued that development is a widely participatory process of social changes in a society intended to bring about social and material advancement for the majority of people through their gaining of greater control over the environment Similarly, it may not be easy to clearly separate a developing country from a less developed one due to their similarities in terms of features. Although while some believe that there is a distinction between the two others contend that such distinction is without a difference, thereby suggesting that they are one and the same. For purposes of this study, however, the two terminologies, that is, developing and less developed, shall be used interchangeably. A developing country can be described as one that is still in the process of attaining an acceptable degree of sufficiency in terms of resources. But for any country to attain this height there are some development tools that should be employed, and one of such is Public Relations. The relevance of public relations in achieving national growth and development in any society can hardly be overemphasized due to due to its various techniques that are highly result oriented. Most developed countries of the world today have come to the realization of this submission and have made conscious efforts to make the best use of Public Relations techniques to their advantage. Public Relations revolve round sound organized twoway communication and consistent information dissemination. Information is an aspect of communication and communication is equally a part of public relations. Information creates knowledge and knowledge helps in shaping opinion with a view to winning goodwill that could be built with the aid of Public Relations practices. Ekpo 1993 argues that Public Relations as a profession is concerned with communicating policies and actions to special groups or the public at large. Today governments all over the world have employed Public Relations to assist them in governance. 1.2STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS Evidence indicates that developing countries now require public relations techniques as part of the tools necessary in efforts to achieve national development, especially in such areas as mobilization of the citizenry and their enlightenment with respect to the benefits of such a development. However, some obstacles seem to be affecting the effective use of the available Public Relations techniques in this direction. The following problems, among others have the tendency of inhibiting the flow of this study: a Most people in developing countries seem to be ignorant regarding the relevance of public relations activities to their national development b There tends to be a dearth of modern communication facilities necessary for the effective practice of public relations in developing countries c Lack of adequate recognition and support from the government of most developing countries seem to be affecting the practice of public relations d There seems to be insufficient promotional activities of the public relations profession by the different professional bodies charged with such responsibilities e Inadequate public relations practitioners in developing countries tends to inhibit the practice of public relations in such countries f Relatively low funding of public relations programmes in such countries is also having an adverse effect on the practice of the profession. 1.3OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The study shall attempt to achieve the following objectives, among others: 1.To examine the factors hindering the effective practice of the public relations profession in developing countries. 2.To satisfy part of the academic requirements for the award of a Masters Degree in Public Relations. 3.To provide an academic challenge to scholars in the area of public relations practice in developing countries. 4.To offer recommendations on what actions to be taken in addressing the identified limitations 1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study is significant in the sense that it will provide useful information for the advancement of further studies in the area of public relations. Also there is much data to provoke subsequent research and development of academic knowledge by way of books, journals, seminar paper, etceteras in this area of study. Apart from the practical research experience which this study shall avail the researcher, it is also going to be a source of relevant information with respect to the limitations of public relations in developing Countries The successful completion of this study shall serve as a useful reference for libraries. Finally, the result of this study shall be a source of information for the general reader who want to probably improve his or her knowledge on issues revolving round the practice of public relations in developing countries. 1.5RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. What are the factors inhibiting the effective practice of public relations in developing countries 2 How can public relations practice be enhanced in developing countries 1.6SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THIS STUDY Actually, the scope of this study should have been designed to cover most developing countries but due to inadequate resources, the researcher had to use Nigeria as the main unit of analysis. It is a statement of fact that the average Nigerian researcher is constantly faced with a gamut of interacting variables that tend to impede his/her efforts at promoting learning and improving the functional knowledge of people. Consequent upon the foregoing, the researcher also had to contend with some problems which include the following: 1.Inadequate finance This was perhaps the greatest problem the researcher encountered because it hampered easy movement around the study area. 2. Time constraint Due to the time limit attached to the submission of this project report, it was impossible for the researcher to cover wider grounds. 3. Indifferent Attitude of Respondents Some of the respondents exhibited some form of lackadaisical attitude in completing the questionnaires and were reluctant to grant oral interviews. This seems to be a confirmation of an argument by Ene Essien 1979 that the main problem associated with the collection of primary data in Nigeria is the reluctance of interviewees to respond to simple questions since such will not put a meal on their tables. As a result of this, therefore, the researcher had to make conscious efforts to disabuse such respondents unfounded prejudices in order to get them respond positively.CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION The native authority N.A was the unit of local government in the Northern Region of Nigeria. The establishment of the N.A was one by British colonial administration following the conquest and occupation of the northern Nigeria in 1990, was in recognition of the power assumed to be inherent. In the indigenous institutions. The main then was to use power for the maintenance of law and orders. When the British came to the northern part of Nigeria they found a well established system of local government particularly in the predominant Muslim area called emirate. These emirates had their own counal with well established police force, treasuries, court, Prison and an accepted traditional code of conduct for emirs and other traditional titleholders which varied from emirate as chairman with a few selected advisers whose teaching of enforcement was at the pleasure of the emirate in the non Muslim chiefdom. Chiefs assisted by traditional councilors ruled some of their councils. Local government is the lowest tiers of government every where in world. It is very important because it is very close to people as a result of its multi purpose in terms of carrying out socioeconomic services in the local area stimulating and encouraging Local initiative country work as well as promoting the democratic process. 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY This local government area was created in January 1970 its headquarter is Gboko. It was first called TSAA GUUMAFA the local government is bounded in the North with Tarka local Government area and in the south with Konshisha and Ushongo local government area, in the North West with Gwer. The local government derived its name from a small tree that grew on top of its hill, complete list of the council wards. 1 Mbakpegh 2 Igyrou 3 Mbatan 4 Gboko South 5 Mbatser 6 Mbakwen 7 Gboko north 8 Gboko west 9 Mbanku 10 Gboko central It Yandev north I2 Yandev south 13 Ukpekpe 14Mbatyu 15 Mbadan 16 Gboko East 17. Mbaverakaa         1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM While tracing the problem of local government in rural development at the local government, the researcher in her efforts will attempt to review some problems especially Gboko local government area i. lack of Primary education ii. lack of Health care services iii. lack of social amenities iv. Poor Road transportation v. Poor Agricultural development vi. Lack of water supply. 1.3 RESEARCH QLESTIONS i. Is lack of primary education is really the problem facing rural development at the local government ii. Is lacks of Health care services the problem of rural development at the local government level iii. Also poor Agricultural the problem of rural development at the local government iv. Poor road transportation is also a problem facing rural development at the local government v. Lack of social amenities the problem of local government in carrying out their role in rural development 1.4 Purpose Of THE STUDY i. To investigate if lack of primary education hinder the rural development at the local government. ii. Does Health care services hinder the rural development at the local government. iv. Find out whether poor agricultural discourage the role of rural development at the local government v. To prove it really poor road transportation contributes to the failure of local government for development. vi. To verified if lack of social amenities contribute to the failure of local government In carrying out its role for rural development 1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE Study This research work is to serve as a catalyst to the local government headers and the people of its environment on their duties to each other and also to serve as a corrective measure to all. This research will served as an exposure of the local government on the policies and administration to the rural populace within its areas of jurisdiction. This research will serve as a helping hand to students of local government at least the theoretical aspect of the role of local government in rural development. 1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY/LIMITATION The scope of this study limits the research works to the rural development of the local government area. 1.7 DEFINITION OF RELATED TERMS Various definition may be given awarding to this study in one area of specialization and the same world may mean a different thing to another person therefore the researcher select the basic key words as use in this topic and define them . LOCAL GOVERNMENT: is a political authority set up by a state as a subordinate authority for the purpose of dispersing or decentralizing political power as well as promoting local initiative and responses to local need. RURAL DEVELOPMENT: It Refer not only providing jobs opportunity to rural, increased income to rural people but improved community services. ROLE. Is the function or position that has or expected to have in relationship. ADMINISTRATION: It is a process of getting things done in the efficient way.
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