THE IMPACT OF MANAGEMENT STYLE ON THE EFFICIENCY OF SELECTED GOVERNMEMT OWNED COMPANIES
The research titled The Impact of Management Style on the Efficiency of Selected Government Owned Companies In Enugu State started with the introduction, where the researcher discussed the background of the study including finding out the impact of management style on the efficiency of some government owned companies. To find out the management style adopted by the companies under study, to find out why there is poor attitude to work in those companies, to find out where there is poor performance and improper accountability in these companies and to ascertain the causes of the managers inefficiency and instability. The significance of the study include that the study will be immense help to the managers to understand the impact of management style on their companies. The companies covered where Enugu State Water Corporation, Enugu State Printing and Publishing Company and Sunrise Flour Mill. Under the literature review, the researcher discussed the theoretical framework of the study, the objective of governments in business, performance of government owned companies in Nigeria etc. The population was 700 and the sample size used was128 employees from the three companies. The sample size was determined using the Yaro Yammanis Formula. The major instrument of data collection is the questionnaire. The researcher presented the data in tables using frequencies and analysized the data using inferential statistics, the hypothesis were tested using the ChiSquare formula. The summary of findings include that the management style adopted by these three companies were mainly permissive autocratic and directive democratic. The researcher concluded by saying the management style has a great impact on the efficiency of government owned companies. The accommodations included that the state government owned companies should be managed by people who have the necessary experience and training.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The problem of management in effectiveness and bad attitude to work among Nigerians is widespread in government owned companies. There has been growing concern among Nigerians on the poor organisational performance and managerial ineffectiveness recorded in these organisations. This concern perhaps is a result of the size of economic and social influence of these government institutions on Nigerian development. Akpala, 1990:193.
Inspite of the huge capital investments in these companies, the results have been extremely poor. As a result of government, as trustees for the ultimate owners of public enterprises have appointed tribunals, commissions and panels to find ways and means to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the enterprises CMD, 1985:5.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The effect of management style on the efficiency of government owned companies cannot be discussed without looking into the problems militating against these management styles. These upsetting difficulties and problems are:
a Poor attitude to work/poor performance
b No proper accountability
d Wrong management style
e Poor quality service Norber M. Ile
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is as follows:
1. To find out the impact of the management style on the efficiency of some government owned companies.
2. To find out the management style adopted by these companies.
3. To find out why there is poor attitude to work in these companies.
4. To find out why there is poor performance and improper accountability in these companies.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. What is the impact of management style on the efficiency of government owned companies
2. What management style is adopted in Enugu State Water Corporation and Enugu State Star Printing and Publishing Company Limited
3. Why is there poor attitude to work in these companies
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The important roles of government owned companies in our environment cannot be overlooked. This is because of the part they play in solving our social, political and economic problems. The study will be of immense help to managers, to understand the impact of the management style in their companies and the type to adopt for company efficiency and growth.
1.6 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In a research project like this, it is always difficult to complete the work, without going through a number of factors which constitute impediments. Some respondents to the questions were not on seat in most cases to give the required information. Some of the respondents were reluctant to air their views.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
To extend the impact of management style on the efficiency of all the government owned companies in Enugu State, will be too much for the requirement of the work. The researcher will limit the scope to some selected government owned companies in Enugu State. It involves a survey of selected managers with the companies.