THE PREVALENCE OF URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS AMONG PEOPLE LIVING IN EMENE

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ABSTRACT

A total of 400 urine samples were collected between January August, 2010 among residents of Emene, Ujodo L.G.D.C of Enugu State. The samples were analyzed using standard method macroscopy for the presence of blood and microscopy for the the ova of schistosomes. Results revealed that 5 of them had the infection 41.0 and 10.25 females. The highest incidence 2 was among school children aged 8 years followed by children of age 9 and10 years with 1 for each. Those in ages 5, 6, and 7 years had no infection. Results revealed that 41.3 of the pupils had the infection 30.99 males and 10.33 females. Those aged 8, 9 and 10 recorded 20.66, 10.33 and 10.33 cases respectively. Out of 100 samples of other groups studied, males had 11.0 while females had no infection.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Title page i

Certification ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgement iv

Table of content v

List of tables vi

List of figures vii

List of appendices viii

Abstract ix

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction 1

1.1 Aims of the study 8

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature review 9

2.1 Classification of Schistosomes 12

2.2 The biology of schistosomes 13

2.3 The hosts biology 18

2.4 Life cycle and transmission 20

2.5 Ecology 24

2.6 Geographical distribution 25

2.7 Epidemiology 27

2.8 Pathology 30

2.9 Clinical manifestation of urinary Schistosomiasis 32

2.10 Diagnosis 34

2.11 Prevention and control 38

2.12 Treatment 43

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Materials and method 46

3.1 Study area 46

3.2 Data collection 48

3.3 Collection of urine samples 48

3.4 Methods of examination of the urine samples 50

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Results 53

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Discussion 59

5.1 Socioeconomic importance 61

5.2 Conclusion 62

5.3 Recommendation 62

References 64

 

 

 

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THE PREVALENCE OF URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS AMONG PEOPLE LIVING IN EMENE

3,000.003,200.00 (-6%)

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