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  • THE ASSESSMENT OF IGBO TRADITIONAL RULERS. (A CASE STUDY OF AMANDUGBA AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITY IN ISU L.G.A. IMO STATE).

    CHAPTER ONE

    • INTRODUCTION
      • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

    For a proper analysis and understanding of the cultural and historical basis of Igbo Traditional Rulers, one has to accept to the fact that every society has its cultural heritage and value. Even in the developed world, modernization has not completely erased the cultural of the people in Nigeria, one of the cultural heritages in Igbo Traditional Rulers. It is obvious that, there has been an evolution through the years on places of Igbo Traditional Rulers and the roles they are expected to play in our national development. The above notwithstanding, Igbo Traditional Rulers in different peoples in the Nigeria colonial and post colonial Nigeria, the traditional ruler ships institution seems to be the most enduring pre-colonial institution that survived through forms of administration in modern Nigeria.

    Traditional rulers or chieftaincy institutions in Nigeria have had a very chequered history. Before the advents of British colonial era, Igbo Traditional Rulers exercised political authority in their respective communities in varying degree as provided by their tradition and custom during the colonial era. The role of Igbo Traditional Rulers changed radically they became prime face rulers of their institution or communities under district commissioner, in the present Nigeria, the relevance and importance of Igbo Traditional Rulers have been fluctuating. It is against this backdrop that this work tends to analysis the salient roles performed by Igbo Traditional Rulers in national development and also to bring to limelight the relevance or otherwise of Igbo Traditional Rulers to nation building in the present day Nigeria with particular reference to Amandugba Autonomous Community in Isu Local Government Area of Imo state.

    • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

    In any developing nation like Nigeria, the task of putting in places sustainable political, economic and social, cultural status. For development is not always the work of one and or a particular group of people. It involves the entire stakeholder governance of which Igbo Traditional Rulers are inclusive.

    Igbo Traditional Rulers has prior to British institution in Nigeria been agents of development in their respective domains. They performed all functions needed for the nation building, following the institution into our political and economic system by the powers and relevance of these Igbo Traditional Rulersdimished substantially. They were related to the background in the scheme of things and some were used in the exploitation and manipulation of the indigenous people. This is one reason why some scholars had argued for the scrapping of the traditional ruler ship in the east brought about cultural debasement of our culture. It was believed that fellowing the independence of Nigeria, the Igbo Traditional Rulers would regain its prominence and contribute effectively in building of a new Nigeria, but this has not been as envisaged, as the fortune of these Igbo Traditional Rulers keeps on fluctuating from one regime to another.

    There is also a continued debuted between and among scholars on the importance and relevance or otherwise of Igbo Traditional Rulers in Nigeria development. As a nation in the pipeline, the task of building a formidable Nigeria should not be the duty of modern institution of governance alone, there are roles which Igbo Traditional Rulers could play in nation building.

     

    • OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

    The purpose of this study is to bring to limelight of the efforts made by Igbo Traditional Rulers in ensuring strong and united Nigeria through some salient roles they performed in society the research will also identify and highlight some obstacles militating against the contribution of Igbo Traditional Rulers of traditional rulership, is still relevant to Nigeria development.

     

    • RESEARCH QUESTION
    1. What are the role traditional rulers played in nation building?
    2. Do traditional rulers create any impact in nation building?
    3. Is there any other way the traditional rulers can contribute toward the nation building.
    4. Did the masses feel the impact made by traditional ruler in nation building?

     

    • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

    The purpose of this study is to bring to limelight of the efforts made by Igbo Traditional Rulers in ensuring strong and united Nigeria through some salient roles they performed in the society.

    The research will also identify and highlight some obstacles militating against the contribution of Igbo Traditional Rulers of traditional rulership, is still relevant to Nigeria development.

    The above issues among others are basic for the understanding of this research work.

    • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

    To show the relevance of Igbo Traditional Rulers to the modern Nigeria society especially in this period of our democracy.

    The study will equally stress how Igbo Traditional Rulers can effectively use their position to bring about social economic development.

    This project will be useful to scholars who engage in African studies since it will provide first hand information about the contributions of Igbo Traditional Rulers in nation building with particular reference to Amandugba Autonomous Community in Isu

    It can also serve as a useful material for undergraduates and post graduates alike.

     

     

     

    • LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

     

    The aim of this study is to state the impact made by the Igbo Traditional Rulers in making sure that there is strong and united Nigeria through smart role they play in the society the research also identify some problem encounter by the traditional rulers in nation building. It also states weather the Igbo Traditional Rulers relevant to the development of Nigeria.

    • STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS

    Hi: Igbo Traditional Rulers has played a unifying role in nation building.

    Ho: Igbo Traditional Rulers has not played any unifying roles in nation building.

    Hi: People believe that religion is a cog to the wheel of politics in Nigeria.

    Ho: People do not believe that religion is a cog to the wheel of politics in Nigeria.

     

    • DEFINITION OF TERMS

    TRADITION: This the total of a people’s belief’s customs, values, ethnics, orientations, in the post which still exist in the present.

    INSTITUTION:  It is a relationship or behavioural pattern of importance of a community or society which has been in existence of a long time.

    ADMINISTRATION: This is the management and directions of the affairs of government. It is the organization and direction of persons and resources to accomplish a desired end.

    IGBO TRADITIONAL RULERS AND NATION BUILDING: It is the application and use of a people beliefs customs, values which the people have come to accept as valid and positive in the running of the affairs of their society in order to ensure stability, growth and the accomplishment of desired goals.

    GOVERNMENT: It is the formal institution and processes through which building decision are made for a society and agency or machinery through which the desired of the state are realized.

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  • EFFECT AND CAUSES OF CORRUPTION IN NIGERIAN PUBLIC SERVICE. ( A CASE STUDY OF THE NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE OWERRI, IMO STATE)

    CHAPTER ONE

    1.0       INTRODUCTION

    According to Max Weber he defined bureaucracy as an organization with a hierarchy of paid, full-time officials who formed a chain of command and these are concerned with the business of administration with controlling, managing and coordinating a complex series of task. Bureaucracy is a system of control, it is a hierarchical organization in which superiors strictly control and discipline the activities of the subordinates. ORUEBOR, A.A (2007:142) According to the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (2000) defines corruption as “dishonest or illegal behavior, especially of people in authority; the act or effect or making somebody change from moral to immoral standards of behavior” corruption is a deviation from following the normal accepted standard of behavior by a public official in order to serve social economic or political interest. CHINELO AROH (2010:50).

    1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

    The Nigerian police Authority have and will continue to be one of the prime mores of development in different parts of the world and their importance and impact on daily activities of citizens cannot be over emphasized. Before the independence of Nigeria in 1960, public relations practice was not popular because only a few Nigerians know what it was. In Nigeria, public relation was introduced on 1st January, 1944 with the establishment of the first ever public relations office in the country though it was not popular. The lack of adequate knowledge of public relations as a career and the absence of public relation programmes for understanding its practice hindered many Nigerian organizations until recently, when the Federal Republic of Nigeria promulgated Decree No.16 of June,1990,establishing and upholding the practice of public relations in Nigeria.

    The origin of the police is a product of social crisis in the society. The word Police is derived from the Greek word “polis” meaning that part of non ecclesiastical administration having to do with the safety, health and order of the state. Policing and police work did not start as a paid profession. It started as a noble, incorruptible and distinction. It was the justices of the peace system, which corrupted the parish constable system. The 1960 constitution established the Nigerian police force as a federal force charged with the responsibility for maintenance of law and order throughout Nigeria. However, the constitution did not prevent the regions from establishing their own local police force. The command of the Nigerian police force was under the inspector general of police (IGP) while those of the regions were under the command of commissioners of police. Recently, the Nigerian police force (NPF) dropped the force in its name and now answers the Nigerian police. Do not be surprised to read the Nigerian police in place of the Nigerian police force.

    The Nigerian police is grouped into departments A-F;  “A” department takes care of administration personnel promotion, dismissal, transfer and posting, medical budgeting, pay and accounts, public relations and printing etc. “B” department and “F” have their own respective duties, our major concern is “A” department where public relations belongs or categorized.

    1.2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

    Here, the unfortunate aspect of corruption in Nigeria is that there are enabling laws to fight it but the leadership find it difficult to enforce these laws. The menace of corruption leads to slow movement of files in the offices, police extortion e.g. “In collecting twenty naira from bus drivers causing traffic congestion and even road accidents if any of the drivers refuses to give them money, they will start shooting guns to deflate their tires. The funds allocated for their welfare disappear into this air. Thus, it is believed by many in the society that corruption is endemic in all government. Corruption is found in democratic and dictation politics, feudal, capitalist and socialist economies.

    The leaders as well as their followers are corrupt. If there is lack of control of corruption in every sphere in the nation, it is then like the old saying “When water chokes you, what do you take to wash it down?”(The philosophy of Aristotle, 451-ME2783, p.355). Corruption is as a result of man made factors such as greedy people, especially our leaders, who are not contented with what they have so that they will use public funds for selfish gains. Also, many people in Nigeria, especially the youths want to get-rich-quick, so that they indulge in all types of crimes to make money, kidnapping, electoral fund (thuggery), armed robbery, yahoo yahoo, 419, the list is endless, yet the elders who are to correct them end in praising them. Nigerian police force was known in the eighties and nineties for early dispatch of services, result oriented performance and high productivity.

    1.3       OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

    The aim and objective of this project are as follows:

    1. To solve the problem of corruption in the Nigerian public service for better governance.
    2. To know how bureaucracy structure and control encourage the police force to achieve its objectives.
    3. To find out how bureaucracy improve decision making.
    4. To ascertain how bureaucracy improve productivity.

    1.4       RESEARCH QUESTION

    1. `Why is corruption a viable enterprise in the 3rd world, nay, Nigeria?
    2. To what extent does the poor living condition and welfare of the police affect their performance?
    3. To what extent does police brutality and extortion damage its image to the public?
    4. How cordial is the relationship between the police and the press?
    5. To what extent do the Nigerian police effectively handle crowd and crisis management?

    The purpose of this research is to answer the uplisted research questions that bother both the police and civilians in the state.

    1.5       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

    1. The findings in this study shall be of immense help to administrators and managers in correcting animates coherent in a bureaucracy set up.
    2. It will aid the government and television authority to avoid bureaucracy bottle neck, red tapism and i do not care attitude portrayed by workers.
    3. It will help the police force also in boasting productivity.
    4. Corporate bodies and entrepreneurs that wish to share their own business police force would find this study invaluable in their endeavours.
    5. Academically, it will help other researchers in further research analysis.

    1.6       SCOPE OF THE STUDY

    Since in large police force corruption in eminent and inevitable for the success of such television authority, the study shall focus on Nigerian police authority and due to its structural largeness the study shall be narrowed down to the administrative sections.

    1.7       LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

    In the study, the researcher encountered certain constraints that impede the academic work. These are:

    1. Time Constraints: This posed as a limitation to the study, as the time frame work constructed by the department for the kick off of the study was incompatible with out academic work load.
    2. Unwillingness of staff to give out information: The researcher myself could not gather as much information and facts due to non compliance and non-cha/llant attitude of respondents of workers against the study.
    3. Funding: Due to economic problem, the researcher myself is faced with lack of adequate finance was not available for mobilisation of the work.

    1.8       DEFINITION OF TERMS

    1. An organization: This is a group of people who forms a business together to achieve a goal.
    2. Bureaucracy: This is the official rules and ways of doing things that a government or the police force has with positions of an authority will defined hierarchically so as to facilitate the attainment of police force goals.
    3. Administration: This is seen from a government perspective where it is being used as a machinery for implementing government policy.
    4. Objectives: Something that one tries to achieve, it is also the aim or goals the police force or government seek to achieve.
    5. Hierarchy: This is a system with grades of authority or status from the lowest to the highest. At each level of the hierarchy, officials enjoy the right of issuing directives to subordinates who have the duty to obey them.
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  • THE ASSESSMENT OF IGBO TRADITIONAL RULERS. (A CASE STUDY OF AMANDUGBA AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITY IN ISU L.G.A. IMO STATE).

    ABSTRACT

    This research is on the assessment of Igbo traditional rulers. (a case study of amandugba autonomous community in isu LGA Imo state). This project work was an insight into the roles and contributions of Igbo Traditional Rulers to nation building. After independence, Nigeria leaders were faced with the challenge of ensuring an economically, politically, and socio-cultural strong united and invisible Nigeria. This task would not be left for the elected state leaders alone hence the need for the traditional rulers to play significant roles for accomplishment of this task. Interviews were conducted from the data collected and secondary documents consulted, it was revealed that Igbo Traditional Rulers have played an important part in Nigeria development. The population of the study was the entire Igbo Traditional Rulers in Nigeria with particular reference to Igbo Traditional Rulers were now that we need them most.

     

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  • ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION RELATED TO THE CULTURAL TOURISM IN RELATION TO COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY. CASE STUDY: UMUAGBOM COMMUNITY IN IMO STATE

    Abstract

    This research is on Analysis and evaluation related to the cultural tourism in relation to community development and sustainability. Case study: Umuagbom community in Imo state. This study examines the relationship between cultural tourism and community development in Umuagbom Community in Imo State. However, from the study certain dimensions where determined on cultural tourism and community development via New Yam Festival, Age Grade in correlation with infrastructure, educational advancement, social amenities. Thus, with the necessary information collected from the study department through survey method, questionnaire and personal observation. The sample size 382 was determine using Taro Yemen’s formula @ 0.05 level of significant.

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