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  • THE ROLE OF THE FINANCIAL INVESTORS IN HOUSING PROVISIONING IN NIGERIA

    ABSTRACT

    This study is on the role of the financial investors in housing provisioning in Nigeria. Housing plays a key role in the socio-economic development of every country but unfortunately, housing supply worldwide has not been able to meet demand. The inadequate housing is one of the biggest challenges facing both developed and developing countries today with finance being a crucial factor. The financial Investors is the  largest  housing  supply system  but  has  not  been  able  to  meet  the  increasing demand partly as a result of the inadequate and ineffective financial mechanisms for financing housing in the country.

    The study therefore investigated the major finance mechanisms used by the financial Investors and factors which hinder their access to formal credit facilities. It also made suggestions to improve access to credit facilities to the financial Investors to improve housing delivery.

    A cross-sectional research design was adopted as a research approach for the study. The simple random sampling was used to select the ten communities whilst the convenience  sampling  method  was  used  to  select  the  homeowners.  In  order  to increase  the  accuracy  of  the  work,  the  research  was  operated  at  a  95  percent confidence level with a 5 percent margin of error. A total of 310 interviews were conducted out of the total determined sample size of 392.

    The study came out with some major findings which included the dominant use of financial source of finance, the existence of an underdeveloped mortgage market and uneasy access to formal credit facilities from financial institutions due to the type and nature of jobs. It was realized that this has affected housing delivery because homeowners had to build incrementally which took a lot of time before house completion.

    The study recommended microfinance for housing, site and services scheme by the financial institutions and a non-mortgage lending facility for the financial Investors. Also, how to sustain the formal credit facilities for the financial Investors is seen as an area for further research.

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