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Impediments to and Optimization Strategies for Solid Wastes Management In Onitsha Urban Anambra State.
This research is on Impediments to and Optimization Strategies for Solid Wastes Management In Onitsha Urban Anambra State. The study examined the relationship between impediments to and optimization strategies for solid waste management in Onitsha Urban Anambra State. Public awareness, recycling and reuse were adopted as strategies for optimizing solid waste management hence the dimensions for the study while waste generation and waste disposal were seen as impediments to solid waste management hence the measures for the study. In line with the conceptual and operational frameworks, three objectives, six research questions and six hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Pertinent literature was reviewed and the study utilized the Unethical Theory (UT) which comprised of system theory, theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behaviour as the sociological baseline theory employed for the study. The study was conducted at the micro level unit of analysis adopting cross-sectional survey research design which is correlational in nature. A total of 189 copies of questionnaire were distributed, 167 were retrieved and 150 copies were found useable and used as the original sample size for the analyses. The researcher primarily collected data with the aid of a self-designed structured five point Likert Scale questionnaire. Face validity, content validity and construct validity were used to test the validity of the research instrument. Data generated were analyzed at different levels. For primary level data, descriptive analytical tools precisely frequency tables supported with chats were used to analyze demographic data while for secondary data analysis, descriptive statistics which comprised of means and standard deviation was employed to analyze univariate data and for tertiary level data, inferential statistical tool i.e. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to test the stated hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. These analyses were conducted using a computer software package called statistical package for social sciences. Results showed that in Onitsha Urban Anambra State, low public awareness, low solid waste recycling and low solid waste reuse were a major impediment to solid waste generation and solid waste disposal. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended among others that: administrators of solid waste management agencies should formulate and implement policies and programmes that will enhance public awareness regarding solid waste management, solid waste recycling and solid waste reuse. The researcher also recommends that the local government authority through the state government should fund waste management agencies adequately and the welfare of their staff should be improved; roads and inter streets road network should be improved; modern technologies should be provided and in-service training given to staff on how to apply same.
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CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF ECONOMIC VARIATIONS ON REAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY OF ONITSHA PROPERTY MARKET
This project is on critical analysis of the effects of economic variations on real property management: a case study of Onitsha property market. The real property market constitutes an integral part of the general business economy. The two sectors are so closely related that trends in the business economy may come from or result in changes in the real property market. This work is an attempt to gain an insight into the nature and conditions of the property market under the prevailing economic changes in Nigeria. The resulting problems which have contributed greatly to making real property management a difficult task are highlighted in this work. Hence, the purpose of this study was to critically analyze the effects of economic variations on real property management using Onitsha property market as a case study. The study was able to discover the major causes of economic problems in Nigeria and possible solutions were proffered. Estate Surveyors and Valuers were advised on how to deal with some of the effects of economic variation on Real Property Management. The study also sought to enlighten the public on the importance of the roles of Estate Surveyors and Valuers in the real estate sector of the economy. Recommendations were made to Estate Surveyors towards improving Real Property Management practice in Nigeria. Data on which analysis are based were mainly from administration of questionnaires, oral interviews, personal observations and collection of relevant information from textbooks, journals and papers. The population of the study was fifty (50) practicing Estate Surveyors in Onitsha. Out of these Estate Surveyors, forty (40) of them were drawn through stratified random sampling technique. Forty (40) questionnaires were administered; out of which thirty-eight (38) were used for the analyses. Chi-square (x2) test statistics was used to test the hypothesis of the study, which states that there is significant negative effect of Economic Variations on Real Property Management in Onitsha. The result of the study revealed that economic variations in Nigeria have adverse effects on real property management in Onitsha. The test statistics showed that at 0.05 level of significance (X2 cal.=44.2500, X2 tab.=5.991), there was a significant negative effect of economic changes on real property management in Onitsha. The study revealed that the major cause of economic variations in Nigeria was over-dependence on Petroleum and its allied products at the expense of Agriculture and other sectors of the economy. Inadequate planning of various government recovery policies worsened the situation in the market. These policies had adverse effects on per capita income of the people. There was no co-ordination in pricing system, therefore, the prices of goods and services increased discriminately. The deregulation of interest rate made borrowing for investment purposes very costly. Incessant political, social and religious hostilities disrupted Nigerian economy. Sometimes, problems in the global economy caused economic changes in Nigeria. The study identified the effects of these economic problems on Real Property Management as tedious rent revisions, under estimation of maintenance costs, higher incidence of rent defaults, stagnant rents, delayed maintenance, unrealistic forecasting etc. To stabilize Nigerian economy, more attention should be given to Agriculture and other sectors. The government should come up with measures to solve incessant political, ethnic and religious crises which discouraged foreign investors. The principles of checks and balances should be fully implemented among the three arms of government to check the problem of mismanagement of public funds by those in leadership positions. Estate Surveyors and Valuers operating in a variable economy should analyze and recognize trends in the market to enable them manage economic fluctuations and crises.
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