science

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    EFFECT OF FIELD TRIP ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY

    01
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    ABSTRACT

    This project is on Effect of field trip on students academic performance in biology. The study investigated the Effects of field- trip on Retention and Academic Achievement in Ecology among Secondary School Students in Zaria, Nigeria. An experimental design which utilized Pre-test-Post-test Control Group design was adopted. The population of the study consisted of 2934 SS1 students from nineteen (19) public schools in Zaria Educational Zone of Kaduna State. Four (4) out of nineteen schools were randomly selected from both urban and rural areas where two schools each were used as experimental and control groups respectively. The experimental group was taught using field trip teaching strategy while the control group was taught by lecture method. A stratified random sampling technique was employed to select the sample from the four schools and a total of 200 students were selected as sample size from both urban and rural areas. The instruments used for this study were Ecology Achievement Test (EAT) with reliability value 0.83 and Ecology Retention Test (ERT) with reliability value 0.85 aimed at determining the achievement and retention of the students. Four research questions were stated such as what is the effect of field trip teaching strategy on students’ academic achievement in ecology concept in Zaria educational Zone? And four corresponding hypotheses such as there is no significant difference between the mean scores of the students taught ecology concept using field trip and those taught using lecture method were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. After the data were collected; the research questions were tested with descriptive statistics such as mean and standard deviation and the hypotheses were tested using inferential statistics i.e independent sample test (t-test). The finding of the study showed that the field trip teaching strategy favoured the experimental group in ecology concept. The study further confirmed that field trip teaching strategy favoured urban experimental group. One of the major recommendations made is that Government should make the use of field trip teaching strategy compulsory particularly in the teaching and learning of ecology concept at senior secondary school level.

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  • design-and-implementation-of-a-social-media-based-web-application-for-prospective-university-students-a-case-study-of-covenant-university
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    DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A SOCIAL MEDIA BASED WEB APPLICATION FOR PROSPECTIVE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS (A Case Study of Covenant University)

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    CHAPTER ONE

    INTRODUCTION

    1.1      BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    This research is on design and implementation of a social media-based web application for prospective university students (a case study of covenant university).

    Communication is a basic human need and for that reason, man has always found a means of meeting this need. The media, which is an umbrella term for various means of communication, has become an integral part of human life around the world. The earliest forms of personal media, speech and gestures, had the benefit of being easy to use and did not necessarily need complex technology (Idakwo, 2011).

    Through the social media, the internet community has drastically increased over the years. The social media has become a significant part of today’s modern civilization. It is a defining trait of how integrated social interactions have become. The impact of the social media have been seen in basically five different contexts; news, interactions, political landscapes, learning and marketing (Guha, 2013).

    With over 80 percent of teen Internet users frequenting social media sites, it’s no wonder the real world social lives are seeing some changes. Social media is definitely changing the way people communicate, but in many ways it’s for the better as we expand our social circles and explore new horizons through our online connections (Chopra, 2013).

    Every age it has passed through has been based on beliefs and new technologies, responding to the needs of individuals anxious to adjust to new forms of socialization. A time of great change is a period in which society looks for meaning. Information is already a tool, the principal tool, which people use to perceive and understand their environment (Idakwo, 2011).

    The emergence of online forums has become hugely popular in recent times with interactions based on similar discussions, posts and threads (Xiaolin, et al., 2009) (Sumit & Prasenjit, 2010). Online forums have become powerful tools for sharing information (Bedmar, 2010). Online discussion forums have also become one of the most popular places to ask and answer questions (Falls, 2012).

    Online Forums, compared to the other social media sites, have various unique features like threads; where discussions and posts are made, RSS feeds, polls, etc. Online Forums, provide a unique type of social environment that enables people to share and access information freely. Users can either start new topics or leave comments in the threads of existing topics (Xiaolin, et al., 2009).

    1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

    Prospective students of an institution (the University) have had issues in the past when it comes to selecting careers, choosing their course of study and indecisions about the right school to apply for (Ogu, 2008) (Orndorff & Herr, 1996). However, to solve these problems, a platform needs to be created where these students can relate with others who can answer these questions. Consequently, relevant requirements have to be taken into consideration in the development of a web application to solve these problems stated above.

    1.3 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

    To develop a web/online platform where students can share different questions or views on various topics and majorly make information about any institution accessible. This will be achieved through the following objectives:

    1. Gathering the right requirements for this application.
    2. Modeling the requirements gathered using a Unified Modeling Language (UML).
    3. Implementing the system by creating a user-friendly platform that will be easier for these students to interact with each other and ask questions using threads and topics.

    1.4 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

    The research work will be conducted by using different sources of relevant data for research like online surveys, journals, books and reviews of relevant literature. The requirements needed for the development of this application will be gotten by a review of existing systems. A platform where users who will reply to the questions from other users or provide any form of information will be created by some ‘question and answer’ techniques to solve the problems stated above successfully. The online forum will also be designed showing all the different functions that will be performed by using UML diagrams like use cases, class diagrams, etc. The implementation of the web application can now be done by making use of the design diagrams and programming will be done with PHP and the database management will be done by MySQL database taking a clue from existing forum software’s. The system will later on be evaluated by making use of feedbacks and reports from relevant users.

    1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

    This study has its relevance in solving real life problems affecting students today like indecisions about student’s course of study, career choices and misinformation about that institution. The application will also be flexible to provide different categories where users can have specific choices to select from. Lastly, this application will be focused on one institution i.e. Covenant University rather than addressing a greater audience, in other student forums.

    Information is the bane of decision-making for students and present time web applications cannot live up to providing real time information that can be accessed from anywhere by the end user. It is important to put interest into the development and usage of online forums in solving these problems.

     1.6       LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

    The basic limitation of this project is that the right set of university students with the right information and answers to any question may not be available to make this project a success.

    But, this will also be taking into consideration during the implementation of the project.

     1.7  PROJECT ORGANIZATION

    In Chapter Two, relevant literatures will be reviewed so as to elicit requirements for the proposed system. In Chapter Three, the requirements for the proposed system using the unified modeling languages will be designed. Chapter Four will be discussing and showing the system development, deployment and evaluation. Chapter Five will summarize the work and give recommendation for future work.

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  • development-of-an-online-examination-system-case-study-yabatech
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    Development of an online examination system. Case study: YABATECH

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    ABSTRACT

    This research is on Development of an online examination system. Case study: YABATECH. Online examination systems are being used by an ever-increasing number of institutions to help reduce time deficiency, cost, exam malpractices such as impersonation and other unethical exam-related exercises that take place in most independent and national examinations. In this study, an explanation of how online examination systems are related to some traditional or manual based analysis, and techniques are presented and how online examination systems help institutions increase the efficiency of result generation. The project describes various limitations of current system methods and discusses possible solutions that can improve online examination system and makes it applicable to an even broader range of institutions. This project was carried out using tools like PHP to develop the front end and MYSQL for the back end of the software-online examination system. Evaluation of the project strictly shows that the software system can reduce 50% of the present examination malpractices problem in the current manual system.

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  • a-study-on-the-effect-of-processing-methods-on-the-toxicological-component-of-ukpo-mucuna-sloanei
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    A STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF PROCESSING METHODS ON THE TOXICOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF UKPO MUCUNA SLOANEI)

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    ABSTRACT

    Matured Mucuna Sloanei “Ukpo) seeds were sorted cleaned, cracked to expose the cotyledons. The cotyledons were divided into three equal parts. A portion was roasted in hot ash for 50 min while a portion was boiled at 1000c for 30 mins. A raw sample was used as a control. The sample were milled, sieved and package prior to analysis. The flour sample were subjected to anti-nutritional analysis using a standard methods.  The result were statistically analyzed using analysis of varience (ANOVA). The means separated using least significant difference (LSD) at 95% confidence limit. From the results some components  reduced with roasting while other reduced with boiling. Phytate had the higher values (80.41-73.73)% while Alkaloid had the least values (0.58-0.50)%. Thus the combination of dry and wet heat treatment with other pre-processing operations should be applied in order to reduce the anti-nutrient to acceptable levels.

  • a-study-on-the-effect-of-processing-methods-on-the-toxicological-component-of-ukpo-mucuna-sloanei
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    A STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF PROCESSING METHODS ON THE TOXICOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF UKPO MUCUNA SLOANEI)

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    ABSTRACT

    This research work is on a study on the effect of processing methods on the toxicological component of Ukpo mucuna sloanei). Matured Mucuna Sloanei “Ukpo) seeds were sorted cleaned, cracked to expose the cotyledons. The cotyledons were divided into three equal parts. A portion was roasted in hot ash for 50 min while a portion was boiled at 1000c for 30 mins. A raw sample was used as a control. The sample were milled, sieved and package prior to analysis. The flour sample were subjected to anti-nutritional analysis using a standard methods.  The result were statistically analyzed using analysis of varience (ANOVA). The means separated using least significant difference (LSD) at 95% confidence limit. From the results some components  reduced with roasting while other reduced with boiling. Phytate had the higher values (80.41-73.73)% while Alkaloid had the least values (0.58-0.50)%. Thus the combination of dry and wet heat treatment with other pre-processing operations should be applied in order to reduce the anti-nutrient to acceptable levels.

     

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    BIOLOGICAL WATER QUALITY OF MABOLO RIVER IN ANKPA KOGI STATE NIGERIA

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    ABSTRACT

    This research is on Biological water quality of mabolo river in Ankpa Kogi state Nigeria. Urban River, streams and wetlands are susceptible to pollution and so, river Mabolo faces a similar problem. This river is a source of water for domestic industrial and agricultural activities for Ankpa municipality and its environs but due to poor waste management proliferation of motor gurage, markets, hotel, hospital, school and industrial setups it waters quality could have got compromise. The proposed study at four sections (including entry and exits from the municipality) seeks for access the water quality of this section of the river using biological agents like feacal coliforms and e coli and aquatic macro invertebrates as indicators for water quality the changes of the mentioned biological variables will be accessed considering a sessional variations the information generated from this study will be used by relevant stakeholders in water management to design aim at reducing water pollution and make it safe for human and aminals consumption.

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  • web-based-plagiarism-detection-system-a-case-study-of-university-of-uyo-uyo-akwa-ibom-state
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    WEB BASED PLAGIARISM DETECTION SYSTEM (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF UYO, UYO AKWA IBOM STATE.)

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    ABSTRACT

    This research is on Web based plagiarism detection system (a case study of university of Uyo, Uyo Akwa Ibom State). Plagiarism is the act of taking or attempting to take or to use (whole or parts) of another person’s works, without referencing or citing him/her as the owner of this work. Web-based plagiarism was designed to detection put copyright checks on the academic environment. The system was designed to detect plagiarized material and also minimize plagiarism. The test result showed that the system can detect any similarities in the uploaded material by generating a percentage of similarities between two files or many files. Data for this study were collected using an oral interview with structured questions with the physical observation of students in the University of Uyo. Object-Oriented Analysis Design Methodology (OOADM) was used to design the solution which was implemented with the direct changeover. Hypertext preprocessor (PHP), CSS, and Bootstrap were the programming tools used to develop the system. The result is a system for checking plagiarism in the University of Uyo.

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