STUDY ON THE ALTERNATIVE OF FEED SOURCES ON THE GROWTH OF CATFISH FRY USING ARTEMIA, ARTEMIA AND CRAYFISH (PRAWN), CRAYFISH (PRAWN) projectslib
This study is on the alternative of feed sources on the growth of catfish fry using artemia, artemia and crayfish (prawn), crayfish (prawn). The search for alternative and sustainable protein sources has rendered artemia and crayfish as an attractive option in fish diets. Artemia and crayfish have a satisfactory amino acid profile and are rich in fats, minerals and vitamins. This study investigated the effects of levels artemia and crayfish in the meal diet of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings. The artemia supplemented diet and the crayfish supplemented diets were compared by observing the growth rate of the fish. The experiment lasted for 2 weeks using One hundred and fifty C. gariepinus fingerlings obtained from a commercial fingerling hatchery. During the end of the 14 days, the larvae fed on Crayfish had a growth rate of 32.95±12.62 % day-1, survival of 76.51±7.33% and Specific Growth Rate (SGR) of 0.17±0.00. The larvae fed on Artemia exhibited a growth rate, survival and SGR of 85.5±74.4% day-1, 97.71±0.00 % and 0.28±0.18, respectively. The larvae that fed on Artermia+crayfish exhibited a growth rate, survival and SGR of 88.1± 64.58% day-1, 95.73±24.14% and 0.32±0.20, respectively. The difference in performance between the feeds was mainly due to differences in their nutrient composition and levels. This study recommends the use of Artemia+crayfish as the best starter feed for the rearing of C. gariepinus larv
This research is on effect of poultry manure on the growth and yield of Tefera. A field trial was carried out at the Imopoly Farm to determine the effects of rate of poultry manure on the growth and yield of Watermelon. Six different rates of poultry manure were replicated three times on eighteen beds. The treatments were; control plot, 2 tons/ha, 4 tons/ha, 6 tons/ha, 8 tons/ha, 10 tons/ha. The treatments were arranged in a completely randomized block design. The experiment was carried out between February, 2011 and April 2011.
Data were taken on the growth and yield parameters. Five plants were randomly selected and tagged per plot for data collection. Establishment count; Plant height; Stem girth; Number of leaves per plant and Leaf area, were taken at 5 WAP and at harvest, to assess growth. Number of fruits per plant; Fresh fruit weight per bed, were taken to assess the yield.
The results of this study showed that Watermelon growth is not significantly different at 5 WAP. At harvesting, highest stem girth of 32.40mm was obtained with 4tons/ha while the lowest of 28.50mm was from 6tons/ha. Watermelon yield of 1.69kg was highest from 6tons/ha, while the lowest of 0.87kg was got from 4tons/ha.
The results of the study have shown that Watermelon will still perform fairly well without fertilizers on regularly – fertilized soils
This research is on Broiler production and value in Imo state a case study of Ezinihitte Mbaise. The cost and return analysis of different sizes of integrated broiler farms in Oru East in Imo State has been carried out based on the primary data collected from 150 broiler farmers for the period Mar 2011 to Feb 2012. The study has shown that the total fixed investments per bird have been highest on small farms, followed by medium and large farms. The total cost of meat production per bird, returns per bird over the variable costs has been found highest on small broiler farms, followed by medium and large farms. On the basis of net present value, and internal rate of return, investment in broiler farming has been found profitable in all farm-sizes, it being most profitable on large farms, followed by medium and small farms. The small broiler farms have been observed highly sensitive to increase in costs and decrease in net returns. The study has observed that broiler farming is a profitable venture and has a bright future in the Imo State agro based industry for improving economic status of the farming community in general and in the study are in particular.
This research is on Land tenure system at Mgbid, Oru west l.ga, Imo state. It is estimated that over 4.6 billion people will live in the world’s urban areas by 2030. In Nigeria, 48 per cent of the population currently lives in urban areas. Low income population are indeed the most vulnerable concerning issues of accessing land for housing. This is because they often lack a regular income and savings to comply with the required conditions for formal purchase and occupation of land.
More than 40 per cent of population in Mgbidi, Oru West LGA, Imo State lives below poverty line. In some of the city’s districts it has even exceeded 50 per cent. The struggle by this poor population for shelter has manifested in a variety of ways, ranging from residing in unsafe tenement compounds to multi-purpose shops (business and residence).
Among the presidents’ 7 point agenda is a proposal for amendment of the Nigerian land tenure law (the Land Use Act – which vested the ownership of all lands in a state in the governor of that state). The sections proposed for amendment include the section 5 of the act which empowered the governor to grant rights (in leasehold), demand and revise rents on such lands, and also powers to wholly or partly waive the conditions attached to acquisition of rights in special circumstances.
This paper tries to show that the section 5 of the existing land tenure law and the current compensation procedures has a potential for improving access to land by low income.
The paper suggested the utilisation of the community-driven land tenure systems in conjunction with the provisions of the section 5 of the land use act and the existing land acquisition and compensation process as a proactive approach to foster positive urban development rather than the conventional reactive approach to informality. This will as well serve as a security for the low income against potential market temptations. Also, the role and capacities of NGOs (Non Governmental Organizations) in this respect should be promoted because the NGOs appeared to be the bridge in all the reviewed cases between the low income communities, land owners and policy makers.
Tenure arrangements, Land Use Act, Community mortgage, Mgbidi, Oru West LGA, Imo State, Access to land