THE APPRAISAL OF MULTI-NATIONAL CORPORATION TO THE CONTRIBUTION OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
Multinational Corporation is now globally accepted business firms which have adopted various cultures and take responsibility for her host community socially. The appraisal of multinational corporation to the contribution of community development became necessary to evaluate the extend of exploration carried out by multinational corporations in Nigeria. A review of related literature was carried out to give the study. The required theoretical background, available statistics from the natural population commission indicate that Eket community have an estimate of one thousand six hundred and ten people 101,610 and the sample size is made up of hundred respondents 100,the method employed in collecting data was the questionnaire. 4 Four hypotheses were formulated and tested for the study using simple percentage statistical method of data analysis, on the basis of the analyses some findings were recorded as follows: It was discovered that the multinational corporation rather abuse human right and pollute environment instead of developing the host community. Following the findings recorded some useful recommendation were proffered for the resolution of the problems identified in the study. It suggested that in order to make the people fell statistical; the firm has to provide much to the needs they want.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:
Multinational Corporation is used by people both in the business and non business sectors, to some people it means a Fairly big firm that has about five or six branches in a state, while others see it as a big firm that has branches in all the states or divisions of a country. According to Prasad amp; Shetty, 1976 Multinational corporations are firms that operate effectively under different national sovereignties. They further stress that multinational corporations are such firms that must cope with wide variations in economic conditions, different values and cultural systems and wide geographical separation.
This definition, multinational corporations are large firms that operate in different parts of the world, but most of the times have one acclaimed headquarters, situated in a place it was first established. There are various multinational corporations both in Nigeria and abroad.
1.2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
As a result of the hazards and exploitation of multinational corporations on the communities in which they are operating, it is important for them to show a serious concern in terms of being socially responsible to these communities.
However, it is difficult for one to. Say that a particular corporation
has contributed adequately to the development of a particular
Community because development encompasses many things ranging from the provision of infrastructural facilities, employment, scholarships and .a lot more. Communities cry out of neglect, lack of appreciation and insufficient compensation by corporations that are operating in their areas.
1.3. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY;
The main objective of the research work is to appraise the contributions of Multinational Corporation towards community development.
The specific objectives of the study are:
a. To analyse the difference in opinion between the corporations and host
b. To evaluate the level of social responsibility Carried out by Exxonmobil Oil Producing Nigeria.Plc in Eket.
c. To determine to what extend Exxonmobil have Contributed towards the
development of Eket.
1.4. SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
The study focuses on the contribution of Multinational Corporation to host community when properly articulated, it will be of tremendous benefit to many interest groups Exxon mobil and the people of Eket are at variance over the issue of the firms satisfying them infrastructural and otherwise. The people feel the corporation has not adequately compensated them and as such their yearnings and aspirations are yet to be satisfied.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY:
This research study is to assess the contribution of multinational corporations to community development by Exxonmobil to the people of Eket. It focuses attention on the provision of social amenities and other forms of assistance the firm assisted the people with, the study is limited to Eket Local Government Area of AkwaIbom State, and covers the firms social responsibilities to the people.
Elwood, M. 1979 Accounting Problems of Multinationals Enterprise.
Lexington Books, D.C. Health and Co. U.S.A.
Ofiong, D.A. 1989 Community And Change in some traditional
Societies of Nigeria Ahmadu Bello University Press Ltd. Zaria, Nigeria.
Shetty, K. F amp; Prasad, S.B.: 1976, Air Introduction to Multinational
Management Prentice Had Inc. New Jersey.