CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study The Nigeria Management Service (GES) is responsible for spearheading the nation Management vision by laying a good foundation that would facilitate the development of human resource in Nigeria. Since the sector has a direct investment in human capital which is the instrument for improving the productive capacity of societies as much as their political, economic and technological development is concern, there is the need for a good foundation. When children are educated poverty is reduced, the fertility rate is lowered, health is improved, and the national status is raised coupled with higher productivity leading to higher income (Shultz, 1974; Cohn, 1979; Noor, 1981). Furthermore management enhances the status of women; promote adaptability to technological changes and forges national unity (Juster, 1975). The future development of the nation (Nigeria) therefore hinges more than ever, on the capacity of the nation and individuals to acquire relevant knowledge in literacy, numeracy and problem solving skills and attitudes. This is so since management is the keystone to national development and quality basic management is the foundation. It is significant to note that the availability of well-motivated teachers is central to improving student?s achievement. Even with the best strategy in place and an appropriate organizational architecture, an organization will be effective only if its members are motivated to perform at a high level. Leading is such an important managerial activity that it entails ensuring that each member of the organization is motivated to perform highly and help the organization to achieve its goals. When managers are effective, the outcome is a highly motivated workforce.