This project on impact of Freedom of Information Act: A study of journalism practices in Uyo community from January to June, is aimed at finding out how Freedom of Information Act impact positively on the life of practicing journalists in Uyo community.
In carrying out the study the researcher used survey design method, while questionnaire was the instrument of the study. Simple tables and percentages were used in analyzing and presenting the data collected. The researcher made some recommendations to support that Freedom of Information Act encourage investigative journalism, balance reporting, openness and transparency in the decision making process which will improve citizens trust in government action. The researcher also made few numbers of suggestions for further studies which will continue to inform people about the impact this topic Freedom of Information Act has on our society. And from the conclusion drawn from the questionnaire tables, it is shown that Freedom of Information Act impact positively on the life of working journalists in Uyo community and strengthens the constitutional guarantee of freedom to receive and impact information and ideas without any hindrance. Again, the respondents proved that Freedom of Information Act empower the professionalism and the ethics of journalism.
1.1 Background of the Study
Freedom of information is both a concept in journalism an issue in contemporary medical practice. This controversial concept establishes that media practitioners especially journalist reserve the freedom to probe, to dig, to pry for the purpose of obtaining information, news, opinion and publish same without hindrance. It proposes that the gathering and reporting of news and opinion should operate without any limitation or constraint. In other word journalist, like every other Nigeria have the right to hold opinion, receive information and impact ideas without interference. This is a fundamental human right guaranteed every individual by the constitution including journalists.
Again freedom of information is an essential right for every person; it allows individual and groups to protect their right. It is an important guard against abuses, mismanagement and corruption. It benefits government themselves in terms of openness and transparency in the decision making process and improve citizen trust in government action.
For the important of the freedom of information, survey had shown that nearly seventy70countries around the world including Nigeria have not adopted comprehensive freedom of information act to facilitate access to record held by the government bodies and another fifty have pending efforts. A few countries have issued decrees or used constitutional provision. Many countries have adopted others that can provide for limited access their own records held by the government agencies and private organization, specific statutes that give right of access in certain area such as health, environment, government procurement and consumer protection.
Freedom of information could be traced to the age enlightenment and development of democracy in America.it is a product of libertarianism which derived unarguably from the libertarian theory of the libertarian approach to the ingredient of libertarian approach of media.
Freedom of Information stoutly opposes the authoritarian philosophy of the press in which absolute power and control over ownership, content and the use to which the media could be put resided with the monarch.
As pointed out in chapter five of GOKE R.2003.mass media and the society. issues and perspectives the authoritarian system presupposes that; truth was conceived to be not the product of the great mass of people but a few men who were in a position to guide and direct their fellows thus, truth was thought to be centered near the center of power .The rulers of the time used the press to inform the people of what the rulers thought they should know and the policies the rulers thought they should support.
The role of the press then therefore was chiefly to support and advance the policies and thinking of the government in a society where criticism of the political machinery and officials in power through the media was forbidden.
This contradicts the beliefs of the libertarian that man is a rational being capable of choosing between truth and falsehood, deciding between bad and good, and when face with alternative choices, capable to unerringly choose the truth and the good. The press therefore, must be free to feed the people with information and allow them to judge because they are rational beings. According to Siebert pater so et ela the libertarian liable assume that in a democratic society, there would be multiplicity of voices available to, if not actually reaching the public. Let every man who has something to say on public issues express himself regardless of whether what he has to say is true or false and the public ultimately decided.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page I
Table of Contents..V1
List of TablesV11
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study.1
1.2 Statement of the Problem3
1.3 Objective of the Study 4
1.4 Research Questions…………………………5
1.5 Scope of the Study5
1.6 Significant of the Study…5
1.7 Operational Definition of Significant Terms6
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction .9
2.2 Review of Concepts..9
2.3 Review of Related Studies.10
2.4 Theoretical Framework.21
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction …41
3.2 Research Design or Research Technique.42
3.3 Population of Study…43
3.4 Sampling Technique/ Sample…43
3.5 Sample Size and Sampling Techniques44
3.6 Instrument for Data Collection.45
3.7 Validity of Instrument ..45
3.8 Method of Data Analysis ..46
3.9 Method of Data Collection46
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF DATA ANALYSIS
4.2 Data Presentation and Analysis47
4.3 Discussion of Findings ..56
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.2 Summary of Findings58
5.5 Suggestions for Further Studies..60
Appendix I: ..63
Appendix II ..64