CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Structural patterns and Business Strategy Implementation spanned all the eras of early influences before 1750, the Industrial Revolution that started in Great Britain in 1750, the Scientific Management Movement of Frederick Winsor Taylor of 1911 and the modern era typified by American Management, Japanese Management and Nigerian Management. In the early influences, Structural Patterns and Business Strategy Implementation were relevant in the historical developments of the Catholic Church, the early Egyptian empire when they build pyramids and the early Chinese empire and in the empires of Western Sudan: Ghana, Mali and Songhai (Osae & Nwabara, 2000:5). The three empires were known for trade in Gold and administration of the empires which needed structural patterns and business strategy formulation. In the writings in the Egyptian Papyri, there was evidence of how work was organized and how power, influence and authority were exercised which needed structural patterns. All the achievements in the early empires would not have been possible if they did not have ideas in business strategy formulation, implementation, evaluation and control which were aspects of strategic management. The Industrial Revolution which started in Britain in 1750 was a system of movement from the putting out system to the factory system. In the factories, work was organized in which there were ordinary workers, supervisors and managers. The supervisors had more authority than the ordinary workers and the managers had more authority than the supervisors. So there were structural patterns. Causes of action were embarked upon in order to achieve comprehensive objectives and strategies were designed and executed and there was evaluation and control. So strategy formulation plus strategy implementation plus evaluation and control totaled up to strategic management. At the end of the day more good quality products were produced and there were a lot of inventions (Imaga, 2001:5). The scientific management movement was pioneered by Frederick Winsor Taylor who in 1911 wrote his book on scientific management. He was referred to as the father of scientific management because he contributed most to this schools of management. Several practical applic

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