This project studies The impact of food shortage on the health of childbearing woman in Lapai LGA of Niger State. In the past, food shortage occurred only in specific communities in times of prolonged war or severe droughts and natural disasters. Today hunger and famine are the worst enemies of the human population. The coordinator of the right to food unit of Food Agricultural Organizations (FAO) asserted that the right to food is the right of every person to have access to sufficient, nutritionally adequate and culturally acceptable food for an active healthy life. However, this life can only be achieved when there is food security. Availability and physical food security are important to ensure women’s health.