Despite the obvious differences between the formal government system and the traditional system of governance, there is the growing awareness that good governance at the local level can only be achieved when traditional rulers are incorporated into the formal system of governance. This study examines the predominant traditional authority systems in the Kogi Traditional Area in Nigeria. The study sets out to assess the relevance of traditional institutions in security management at the local government level. Data used for analysis were obtained through qualitative methods like interviews and focus group discussions. The sampling procedure was generally purposive for traditional authorities and assembly persons, while simple random sampling was employed for heads of households. The research design was partly descriptive, explorative and cross-sectional. The study found that traditional authorities play several roles at the local level. These roles were identified as settling disputes and managing conflict, soliciting and initiating development projects as well as mobilising people for development. The study also found out that traditional authorities are still relevantain local governance. The study recommends the involvement of chiefs in the planning, implementation and execution of projects in their various communities as a way of integrating the chieftaincy institution into the formal governance system to enhance development.