The role of the library in adult educational programme


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This project looks at The role of the library in adult educational programme. The research topic as carried out by the researcher is tailored to achieve the broad objective of knowing the extent that the Imo state library board has been extending its educational roles to the adult literacy programme in Imo state. The researcher randomly picked the population of study as studying the entire population would have posed some problems. The sample chosen was 25. In realizing this, data had to be collected, and the instrument used in collecting this data included interviews and questionnaires, administered on the sampled population and the director of the Imo state library board. Suggestions were also made to help the library contribute to the adult education programme. 


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DescriptionINTRODUCTION This research is on Information retrieval systems in academic libraries (a case study of federal polytechnic, nekede owerri). This complication dealt with taxation as a subject, its principles objectives, classes, purpose and effect in any given economy weather. Taxation is a compulsory but non-punitive levy on properties, income of individual and co-operation bodies. The money raised there constitutes part of source of finance for general government expenditure in the economy. It involves transfer of resources or income from private sector to the public sector in order to accomplish or achieve some of the major economic social and economic responsibilities under taken by the government. Taxation according to the encyclopedia is the process by which the people pay for the expenses of the government. System of taxation taxes are classified as progressive proportional or regressive according to the percentage of income they take as income raises or fails. a. Progressive Tax System: Under the progressive taxation, the higher the proportion of income, which is taken away as tax and lower the income, the proportion of income taken away an increasing proportion of raises. b. Proportional Tax System: This system whereby the rate of taxation is the small for all human earners. c. Regressive Tax System: The higher the income the lower the percentage income which is taken away as tax. Regressive taxation s common where the rich and poor have to pay some amount of money as tax, either directly as poll tax indirectly in the form of higher prices. A goods and services consumed by both the rich and the poor. In west Africa most taxes are regressive since people in the various communities are usually asked to pay certain fixed sum of money toward certain development project. Irrespective of income and also since indirect taxes like import and export duties from a greater proportion of government revenues. SOME ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF TAXATION 1. A deterrent to work: Heavy direct taxation especially when closely linked to current earnings can act as a serious check to production by encouraging absenteeism and making men disinclined to work overtime. However direct taxation may actually increased to incentive to work in order to earn more money as to buy goods which the indirect taxes have made clearer. 2. A deterrent to Savings: Taxation will clearly reduce people?s ability to save, since it leaves them with less money as their disposal. Taxation may therefore act as deterrent to savings. 3. A deterrent to enterprise: Those who regard profit as a round for enterprise condemn tax on profit because they consider that such taxes checks enterprise. It is argued that the business men will embark on large profit if they are successful. Heavy taxation on profit, it is said, robs them of their possible reward without providing compensation on the case of failure. 4. Taxation may encourage inflation: We have already seen that one of the methods used to fight inflation is to budget for a large surplus, the object being to reduce by increased taxation the amount of purchasing power in the hands of consumers, with full employment however increased indirect taxation will lead to demand for higher wages, thereby encouraging inflation. 5. Diversion of Economics: Taxation of commodities may force produce to direct resources into tax free areas irrespective of the people?s wish. ? TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE PAGE i APPROVAL PAGE ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii PREFACE v DEDICATION vi INTRODUCTION vii TABLE OF CONTENT xii BIBLIOGRAPHIC ENTRIES 1 AUTHOR INDEX 4 CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX 5 SOURCE INDEX 6 ? BIBLIOGRAPHIC ENTRIES ESTATE PLANNING 1. Eziyi, Kalu. 2009. Abia lays foundation of multi-million mechanic village. Financial Standards. 2 Feb., 49. 2. Olaniyi, 2009. Real estate development can solve hosing problem. Financial Standards. 9 Feb., 46. 3. Okenwa, Stan. 2008. Property Values rise beyond expectation. Daily Champion. 17 Nov., 31. 4. Akubu, John. 2009. British council donates equipment to school in Kano. Financial Standards. 2 Feb., 12. 5. Adebimpe, Afuku. 2008. Cornerstone insurance quarter 3 premium hit N 3.0b. Daily Champion. 20 Nov., 4. FINANCIAL EDUCATION 6. Alao, Salimo. 2009. Expert suggests categorization of banks to solve financial crisis. Daily Champion. 29 April, 6. 7. Buchanna, J.M. 2010. Public finance relation. National Tax Journal. 4, No 2: 32-29. 8. Aboye, Patrick. 2012. South Africa has first budget surplus. Daily Sun. 26 Feb., 34. 9. Akwaja, Chima. 2009. Federal government wants to tackle intellectual property piracy. Financial Standards. 9. Feb., 7. 10. Anyanwucha, B.A. 2013. Classification of tax Onitsha African publishers. Direct Tax in Economy. GOVERNMENT ECONOMICS 11. Anyanwucha, R.A. 2012. Function of taxation. Onitsha African publishers. 12. Adideji, Aganga Williams. 2013. Putting excess crude oil income to work. The Punch. 20 Nov., 14. 13. Emeana, Chinedum. 2011. Bayelsa surviving on agricultural income. Financial Standards. 2 Feb., 52. 14. Zanab, Bon. 2010. Income generating activities. Daily Sun. 21. Feb., 21. 15. Esin, Hilda. 2012. Nigerian first virtual income opportunity programme launched. This Day. 18, Dec., 5. GENERAL TAX 16. Duru Nnamdi. 2011. Insurance firms collatorate on marketing. This Day. 15 April, 34. 17. _________________. 2011. Champion insurance day guest lecturer. Daily Champion. 12 Dec., 20. 18. Okenwa, Stan. 2008. Investing in rewarding. Daily Champion. 17 Nov., 34. 19. Herberter, Goltfriend. 2011. Economic growth and stability: Analysis of economic change and policies in taxation. New York: Green Hill. 20. Iba, Louis. 2009. Federal government set to raise new policy for transport sector. Daily Sun. 21. Feb., 41. AUTHOR INDEX Aboye, Patrick Adideji, Aganga Williams Adebimpe, Afuku Akubu, John Akwaja, Chima Buchanna, J.M Duru Nnamdi Emeana, Chinedum Esin, Hilda Eziyi, Kalu Herberter, Goltfriend Iba, Louis Okenwa, Stan Olaniyi Zanab, Bon Alao, Salimo ? CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX 2008 3, 5, 10, 18 2009 1, 2, 4, 6, 9, 20 2010 7, 14 2011 13, 16, 17 2012 8, 11, 15 2013 10, 12 2014 19 ? SOURCE INDEX Daily Sun 8, 14, 20 Daily Champion 3, 5, 6, 17, 18 Financial Standard 1, 2, 4, 13 National Tax Journal 7 The Punch 12, This Day 15, 16 Direct tax in economy 10, 11 ? PART TWO INDEX COMPILATION OF TAXATION IN NIGERIA (2008 ? 2014) BY OZOEMENA OLUCHUKWU GRACE FPO/ND/RII/LIS/013/114 PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE, SCHOOL OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OCTOBER, 2014. DEDICATION This work is dedicated to God Almighty who has been making thing possible for me. ? PREFACE This bibliography is on taxation. It is meant to satisfy the research needs in both students and lecturers. The inadequate availability of information for student and researcher in the field of taxation has been a major problem in the world of academics. This factor has been the highest motivation in the compilation of the bibliography. I hope it will be useful for student, lecturers and scholars of all grades, who are seeking information on the best text to taxation. In the course of the compilation of this work, courses use explored and exploited including books, articles, books reviews, journals, magazines and newspapers. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Bringing this to a successful completion, I give much thanks and gratitude to some thoughtful individual who made this a reality for me. Firstly, I am grateful to the Almighty God who for his infinite mercy gave me the life to begin this project and to finish it without problems. I also wish to thank my able supervisor, Mrs. Onyejeakor Sandra for who through her careful through criticism and helpful suggestions made through for the successful execution of this bibliography. My thanks goes to my loving parent Mr. and Mrs. Basil Ozoemena, tABSTRACT An empirical study using a well structured questionnaire survey, the work assesses the relationship that exists between tax incentive and economic development in Nigeria. This study was undertaken primarily to evaluate the effectiveness of tax incentive in developing the Nigerian economy. One hundred and twenty questionnaires were administered on member of staff of twelve different incorporated companies in Lagos and hypotheses formulated were tested with the use of chi-square method. It was found that tax incentive would enhance economic growth and development in Nigeria, if such incentives are well focused and extended to all deserving companies in the country. Suggestions were mark as to variables moderating the tax incentive and economic development. ?INTRODUCTION Down through the ages, education has always been at the for front of human existence, which entails that without education in this 21st century, its really going to be hard for the youths to make through for a better future. According to Longman Dictionary ?education? can be defined as the process to teaching and learning usually at school, college or university, polytechnics on its own is an edifice of teaching and learning. Strike also was defined as a situation whereby a group of workers stop working for a period of time because they went a better pay or better working conditions. The 2013 academic staff union of polytechnics (ASUP) strike was taken upon because the conditions which they expected the federal government to work on so as to enhance teaching in the various polytechnics in the country was over looked and not paid attention to by the government. BREAKDOWN OF THE ASUP STRIKE 1. Preparation/Embarking 2. Appeal 3. Resolution 4. Violence 5. Direct Action. DEFINITION OF BREAKDOWN 1. Preparation/Embarking: According to Longman Dictionary, these two subjects can be used to ascertain/talk about something starting now. It means starting something new for any reason. 2. Appeal: Oxford Learner?s Dictionary also defines an appeal as an urgent public request regarding a particular matter. 3. Resolution: The dictionary stands firmly to define this as an act and behaviour of being resolution. Therefore, being resolute also is defined to mean being determined not to change what you are doing because you are sure that you are right. 4. Violence: This can be define as an act of being violent in the oxford learners dictionary, being violent/an act of violence can be define as involving actions that are in tended to injure or kill people or are likely to hurt them too. 5. Direct Action: This can be define as a way of taking or involving major steps and particular decisions either to enhance or effect the present situation being faced at hand. ? INDEXES ENTRIES Preparation/Embarking 1. Adesulu, Dayo ASUP may resume strike, unless Embarking strike V ? 15 ? 07 ? 13 ? 9 2. Ojiego, Nnamdi ASUP: Is strike still the best option Embarking strike V ? 09 ? 07 ? 13 ? 10 3. Chukwuka, Chinedu. ASUP Strike: Why has the press forsaken us? Appeal DS ? 09 ? 07 ? 13 ? 33 4. Ademola, Tayo. ASUP/ASUU Crisis: Vestries turn ghost towns, Poly students fear fresh strike Violence V ? 22 ? 08 ? 13 ? 10 5. Olatunjia, David Strike: Travelers stranded as poly student protest Violence V ? 28 ? 06 ? 12 ? 6 6. Adesulu, Dayo. ASUP exco meets on strike today Nagotiation V ? 16 ? 07 ? 12 ? 4 7. Adesulu, Dayo Senate wades into ASUP strike Direct Action V ? 04 ? 07 ? 12 ? 4 8. Agbakwuru, Johnbosco F.G. not ready to implement agreement ASUP Direct Action V. 19 ? 05 ? 14 - 41 9. Ojiego, Nnamdi Poly students slam media over blackout Resolution V. 03 ? 07 ? 14 ? 6 10. Soni, Daniel ASUP Strike: Arewa youths ask education minister to resign Resolution V. 26 ? 08 ? 14 ? 16 ?ABSTRACT This research is on Information retrieval systems in academic libraries (a case study of federal polytechnic, nekede owerri). Information retrieval systems in libraries are basically systems that store record in a file for data relevant to each request, retrieve the data and provide the information on request. The purpose of such system is to help access and use of the knowledge which has been recorded. This study on information retrieval systems in libraries a case study of Federal Polytechnic Libraries, Nekede, Owerri is an investigation into the various means adopted by the library under study in their information retrieval process. Particular attention was paid to the existing information retrieval systems in use in the library and how suitable they are, the basic advantages of digital information retrieval over manual were also revealed by the study. The research methodology adopted for the research was the survey method, data was collected using questionnaire and oral interview together with observation. The study also revealed the information retrieval process in the library is manual which the library organizes its materials through cataloguing, classification and indexing. Based on the problems encountered, some useful recommendations on how to improve on the information retrieval functions in the library were made. The study also concluded by suggesting that further research study should be made. ?ABSTRACT This project work is on the school library as an effective instrument for academic excellence of schools on Owerri town. The aim of this research survey is to determine and examine the extent of services being rendered to library users, the stock of the library and to some extent the problems placing the library. The character and efficiency of any institution and that of its various categories of populace is adjusted by its treatment of its central organ the library along with the school, college, the news media and other manifestations of the ?knowledge industry? is one of the agencies through which the institution of education exerts its influence on society, the library satisfy the basic information, education, cultural and other needs of its clienteles in their general and specific intellectual fields and pursuits. Information is preserved in the print and non-print medium and the school library acquires, organize, interprets, preserves and stores the information purveying media for easy access and consultation thus, today is the gateway to broadcast world or scholarly information for pupils, students and teachers. School libraries are an information and is indispensable to a pupils or students advancement or self development. The right information at the right time, at the right place to improves the ability of a students, pupils or teacher. School libraries therefore are not the basis of all teaching and learning, it is also essential for promoting and enhancing intellectual or academic pursuits. Also its aim at establishing a firm knowledge of school and general subjects by making choices of these materials to select those which will build up a firm and realistic foundation. The wide range of such materials provides an incentive to use them to impart knowledge and for preparing pupils and students also for their various examinations. In which they give useful experience and increase self confidence and develop basis for more advanced work and they through their use the pupils and students will in the best sense of the words, striving for excellence in their academic. These places the school libraries are at a position of relevance and explains why it is an effective instrument for achieving excellence.
This project looks at The role of the library in adult educational programme. The research topic as carried out by the researcher is tailored to achieve the broad objective of knowing the extent that the Imo state library board has been extending its educational roles to the adult literacy programme in Imo state. The researcher randomly picked the population of study as studying the entire population would have posed some problems. The sample chosen was 25. In realizing this, data had to be collected, and the instrument used in collecting this data included interviews and questionnaires, administered on the sampled population and the director of the Imo state library board. Suggestions were also made to help the library contribute to the adult education programme. 
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY This research is on Information retrieval systems in academic libraries (a case study of federal polytechnic, nekede owerri). Information is a basic human need. It is needed in all facts of human endeavour. No society and libraries can function effectively without the intensive of information whether in print or non-print format. It is therefore pertinent to know how this information can be retrieved and disseminated for use by the users or the society in a modern world. The different systems of information retrieval in academic libraries are therefore discussed in this write up with special interest on Federal Polytechnic Library Nekede, Owerri. The world in information cannot be mentioned in isolation of human beings. Information has been described as the master resource, the chief raw material and the principle product on modern economic. Even before the modern world, the ancient world has been dealing with information gathering, storage and retrieval which were done in an ancient way where papyrus, clay tablets e.t.c. were used. Information can be seen as data that have be subjected to functions capable of answering a users query, be it recorded, summarized or simple collection that would help in decision making, according to Uwem, (2008) defined information as a finished product ready for use, the source and medium of communication not with sanding information therefore, can help to ensure the effective use of other resources when it gets to the right people and at the right time. Consequently, the basic objective of any library be it academic, public, school or special library includes the acquisition of information, surveying materials properly processing, organizing, storing and retrieving for disseminating such information to interested users. Hence every academic libraries whether the limits of its fund, develop sufficient information both in scope, nature and size to support the users information needs and aspiration will largely depend on a specific question and its ability to supply known information are produced in form of language even to retrieve information is inform of language, most times, the users found it increasingly difficult to cope with the basic problems of accessing particular information items for use. This research purpose to investigate the various system adopted by the academic library under study in retrieving for use known information items when needed and to retrieve documents on a particular subject problem and questions encountered. 1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The period under review in this research work is of great importance in academic libraries. It is a period of technological information explosion. This is a period when many retrieval systems exists, where more efficient and accurate retrieval system has been developed like computer and internet which links different but many stations together. However, there are basic problems which militate against the efficient utilization of these resources and these problems include. a. Lack of funds b. Government apathy to academic libraries c. Low literacy level in Nigeria d. Poor computer informed staff in the academic libraries. 1.3 Objective of the study In order to evaluate information retrieval system in Federal Polytechnic Library Nekede, Owerri, the following objectives are to be focused. i. To identify the existence of information retrieval system in the library. ii. To know how information resources are organized in the library in its retrieval effort. iii. To identify the problems encountered by the library in its information retrieval effort. iv. Identify the process on how information retrieval system are improved in the library. v. To highlighting the changes of information retrieval system in the library. 1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY This study is limited to the information retrieval processes in academic libraries. This study is further narrowed down to academic libraries and specific focus on Federal Polytechnic Library Nekede. The different information retrieval processes were reviewed with unique interest in the libraries as it applies to the library under study. This library was chosen so as to evaluate the developments and the changes that have taken place in the library under study as regards to information retrieval system. 1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study is significant because there is no society that can function without information. So information can only be relevant when it gets to the right people at the right time and in the right dosage. It is sine-qua-non to library users, librarians, administration and the entire society. 1.6 RESEARCH QUESTION What are the extent of information retrieval system used in Federal Polytechnic Library Nekede? ii. How does Federal Polytechnic Library Nekede, organize their materials in the library. iii. What are the problems of information retrieval systems in the library? iv. How does information retrieval systems improve in the library? v. Do they have changes in information retrieval system in the library?CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY This project work is on the school library as an effective instrument for academic excellence of schools on Owerri town. The word according to the new Lexicon Webster Dictionary of the English language. Library is defined as a room or building housing a collection of books usually arranged according to same plan. Such collection of book on related topics issued by a publisher. The library has collection of records of human culture in print and non-print information purveying materials housed, preserve, organized, interpreted and managed by a professional librarian, to meet the broad and varying needs of users or clientele, for their information, knowledge, education, research, recreation and aesthetic appreciation. However the word library is defined as a room or building containing books that can be looked at or borrowed by members of the public or members of the group or organization that owns the library. According to Longman Dictionary of English language and culture; A building in which collections of books, CDs, newspapers, etc. are kept for people to read, study or borrow. The library is an integral part of any academic institution where it is situated and no such institution can achieve its well throughout objectives without the library. It is not an adjunct to the parent institution, but an indispensable part. It is necessary to have library in our post primary schools because it is the central organ of an academic institution which determines the excellence of the institution in teaching and learning. School libraries are found in elementary post primary and higher schools and house the materials and services that students and teachers requires to carry out their academic activities. Their holdings consist of printed an audio-visual materials that support and extent the curricula and that attempt to make reading attractive to students. According to encyclopedia Americana, they offer reference and inter-library loans in terms of size, 54.6% of school libraries have fewer than 2000 books, while 3% have more than 10000% books. In the early 1990s there were approximately 3500 school libraries in Mexico, representing a 24% increase in just two years. School libraries have also extended their missions and the level of their services in recent years. Furthermore, from the above one can see that the school library has a remarkable role in academic excellent of students because the process of teaching and learning cannot be effectively done without incorporating the library of secondary education system. It is therefore an instrument of education excellence. In this regard Ishola (2002) says ?That whose function is to broaden the education of students by introducing them to spheres of knowledge outside the narrow confines of their school curriculum? The school library can serve as follows:- i. Resource center: Offers a wide variety of materials that information is not only stored in print form but also in non-print. ii. Teaching Agency: Teacher students various skills which when acquired enhances their academic performance and discourage leaving by rote. iii. Services Agency: Offer various services users to aid them make maximum utilization of the library resources. iv. Recreation Agency: Guides students in their research work involving using the library by providing minor reference assistance to them. v. Educational Agency: This is the overall development of an individual, growth, progressive reconstruction of experience and a life long process. The educational roles of the school library are:- a) Inculcation of permanent literacy b) Promotion of early child education c) Enhancement of secondary education d) Development of reading habits. The school libraries thus has challenged the functions of parents, teachers, classroom and the various institutions that were formerly the exclusion, sources of knowledge and information. The characteristic of the school library: 1. User: They are made up of the pupils, students and teachers. Some are more intelligent than others or some are eager to read while others are backward. The libraries should give more attention to the less intelligent once in order for them to meet up. 2. Contents: It contains materials that are book and non-book materials also contains materials based on the syllables and subjects taught at school chosen on basis of its individual merit considering the special needs and problem of the institution and the medium that most effectively conveys the desired content so that its objective will be met. 3. Location: It is part of the school community. They are to achieve the objectives of the school that set it up the library as a complement. 4. Functions: It is an integrating factor in the work of the school. The work of the school library is directed towards the definite education aims of the school. A large percentage of pupil and students in nursery, primary and secondary schools are ignorant of the fact that personal intelligence and more knowledge of a subject does not automatically establish firm knowledge of a subject and excellence in school, the school library is an invaluable and for achieving academic excellence. Also teachers, parents and libraries are today concerned about the poor reading habits of our students, poor performance at school and fall in our educational standard. This cry has invariably elicited very passionate question in the minds of those who love and care of all round development of these students. The libraries are yearning collectively on how to combat this problem knowing the adverse effect of this ailment first in the lives of the pupils and students, secondly in the progress of a country like ours. The relationship between school libraries and reading habits and that between school libraries and academic excellence has been a subject of theoretical interest and practical importance amongst librarians. However, this relationship has been established through effective reading and general success in academic pursuit. In the primary schools, the library laid the foundation for reading habits by importing reading skills at the formation stage of the pupils education. In the secondary schools they form the foundation for independent learning at present school and at successive stages of the students life by establishing firmly the reading habits acquired in the primary school. Also the school library communicates information from several information carries, for better understanding and broadcasting of knowledge and there produce profound effects on the various categories of the students populace who acquire the skill of utilizing and assimilating information from the library, thus become more successful than others by virtue of information and knowledge they possess via the library collections. It was in view of this that Morgan (2003) asserts that in the hands of a cultured teacher the school library may serve as a link to bind together the home and school, and to arouse the interest of parents in what and how their children are reading, by referring them to the library. Teachers can suggest to pupils valuable books suitable for their age, attainment, tastes and necessities. Seldom does a day pass when the vigilant teacher has not an opportunity, either in a class or in private conversation, to drop into the prepared soil of pupils mind a hint of some valuable books to read in the library. In conclusion ?there is no better intellectual and moral influence than that which comes from reading a good book aloud in the family circle? Morgan (2003) concludes that:- Learning with tear is now a thing of the past like wise learning from single textbook. As every good and resourceful teacher knows one of the crimes or worst sins a teacher can commit against his students is to feed them with wrong and outdated information, also for the purpose of education to be fully achieved, students and teachers need to consult several source for better understanding and clarity. Also, nothing could be as dangerous as ignorance and an ill-informed student as they fall prey to rumours and false propaganda. The library selects, acquires and store in a classified arrangement on shelves the best and up-to-date sources of information that keeps staff and students abreast of new developments in knowledge and understanding of the subject matter, encourage practical work and develop the powers of analytical appraisal and of critical thinking. Learning can be one of the most exciting experience in life, while reading is identified as the single most important determinant of a childs success at school and in modern society as well. Learning also in modern life depends largely upon ones ability to interpret the printed messages accurately and fully, while reading is an educational task, essential for ones excellence in all academic pursuits. He who has other reasons for learning and reading besides interest in the subject has everything going for him, his interest broadens and cheap source of information during childhood education. Thus ideas absorbed from reading and learning through then remains with the students for the rest of their lives and produces profound effects and influences on their academics. Also the school library in no small measure plays a great part on the attitudes, behaviors, aspiration academic pursuits embarked upon by students and in determining the kind of people they can be Good readers who have mastered the tasks of reading agree that early exposure to a wide range of printed materials is a highly relevant factor in reading. The handicap most secondary schools students face in reading development is lack of good reading materials. The school libraries are indispensable in the area of provision and proper use of books, this have made them the forum on which the educational activities of our secondary school revolves. It behaves on students numerous information sources to exploit so as to enhance their academic performance and to excel. This way, it lays foundation for a brighter future. Knowledge acquired from the information embedded, in the library and resources is like a fortune rightly acquired. For it is ?the heart of the institution and the apex on which the intellectual life of the school and student rest?. 1.2 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF SECONDARY SCHOOL LIBRARIES IN OWERRI TOWN The development of secondary school libraries in Owerri town could not be treated in isolation from that of school libraries in general in Owerri which commenced in the early 1950?s. This historical development of secondary schools library started in government secondary school, Owerri now government college, Owerri which was established in 1952 and modern school, Owerri now Girls Secondary School, Owerri established in 1955. Libraries in secondary school are established in government trade centre, which serves the educational (Technical) needs of those students in the technical education sector. Moreover, due to the type of materials the library stock, it could not serve the general interest of the students in Owerri town. For this reason another library was established in the modern school, Owerri which now serve various categories of students. Despite the type of materials that the library stocked it contributed immensely to the educational development of the town. This was the state affairs until another library was established in the government secondary school which before then serve as a book depot for schools in the then Eastern region, as it was from there that books meant for primary and secondary in the eastern region sent by the then Colonia government were deposited for the various number of volumes of books meant for their school. However, it must be noted that the central library at Enugu was also providing library service known as ?library on wheels? to schools in Owerri town (secondary school) before the war, (Nigeria civil war). This factor led to the promotion of the establishment of libraries in secondary schools in Owerri town which were though largely organized and were left to the part-time of teachers. The libraries then in some of these schools were either location in one classroom or found to be in the principals office. In 1955 the Government College, Holy Ghost College, Girls Secondary School Owerri were founded. The Government Technical College, Owerri was founded in 1952, Federal Government Girls College, 1973 and Bishop Lasbrey Girls Secondary School, 1952 become secondary school in 1986. In 1957 a library was established in the government college with the aid of the books deposited in the institution. Then a teacher librarian was trained by the administrators who were white men at Enugu. It has the largest volume of books amongst all the schools in Owerri town which strives till today. The library building had a statue of students clutching a book in a round-about in front of the library to indicates the building. The person in charge of the library holds a degree in library science education. The Government Technical College Library was established in 1956 for students in the technical and trade sector of education. Its resources is limited to the type of courses offered in the college. This is an N.C.E graduate in technical in education but with librarianship. With background knowledge of librarianship acquired through attending seminars, workshops, conferences and long period of the classroom complex which is located in a large hall. It has volume of books ranging between 1000 to 1500. In 1973, the Federal government Girls Secondary School Owerri was established and in 1974 was founded. The library caters for the interest needs of students in the secondary section and those in higher school section (lower and upper sixth students) this accounts for its large number of volumes of 3,500. The library is manned by a professional librarian with a bachelor of library science degree. Since 1973 the school has achieved its inception. The library is allocated an entire building and has links with the academic feats. After the conversion of Bishop Lasbery Girls Secondary School Irette to a secondary school then the library was established in 1986, which is located in one classroom and manned by a teacher librarian. The library has volumes of books ranging between 800 to 1000. 1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This study is the investigation of the extent to which school libraries contribute to academic excellence. Also school libraries has effect on the pupils, students and teachers and their indispensable contributions to the teaching and learning programs of the schools is yet to be fully understood. As a result of this problem, what this research study tries to portray is the mechanism by which the school libraries comes about it. 1.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY The library is a central focus because in every academic institution. The learners and educators achieve this objective through the library which serves as the vehicle of communication or transmission of scholarly knowledge for educational excellence. School libraries are very indispensable for effective teaching and learning process. The main aim of this study is the town in relation to their academic performance. 1. To know the impact of school library and program on its various patrons 2. To find out the impact of reading culture and library skills acquisition on students performance. 3. To know the extent to which library collections impact knowledge. 4. To examine the service of the school library. 1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY The scope of this study is limited to schools in Owerri town. This covers three boys and three girls secondary school. These six secondary school represent all the geographical area in Owerri town. 1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study is significant because it will benefit the following:- 1. School libraries should be able to perceive and teach the students on how to use the library as data banks of information and knowledge for self directed learning and research. 2. Teachers will know that in order for a student to cope academically and other wise he/she has to become self reliant in obtaining and utilizing information. 3. Parents guardians are to be acquainted with vital role of the school library and its overall impact on the academic pursuits of their children. 4. The school principals should also include the habit of using the library in the life of the students. 5. The state government will also recognize the importance of libraries in the secondary education from this research. 1.7 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1) Has any impact of such library on its patron? 2) Does reading culture and skills acquired impact on the performance of the students? 3) To what extent do the collections imparts knowledge on the users? 4) What are the services provided by the school library?
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