This project looks at The impact of rural security on sustainable agricultural development in Kogi state – a case study of some selected Local Government Areas in Kogi state. To achieve sustainable development in developing countries, it is very important to search for their own path that can effectively deal with specific issues such as food shortage, rural poverty, and environmental degradation. This paper is to examine the impact, experiences, characteristics, and effects of rural security on sustainable agricultural development in Kogi state so that some useful conclusions can be drawn. We argue that food security and income generation must be incorporated into the goal system of sustainable development and that high external-input is more feasible than low external-input in achieving sustainability in the developing countries, especially with dense population. We argue for active initiation and effective intervention of government in implementing a sustainable development strategy.