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THE RURAL DEVELOPMENT AT THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT. A CASE STUDY OF GBOKO
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The native authority N.A was the unit of local government in the Northern Region of Nigeria. The establishment of the N.A was one by British colonial administration following the conquest and occupation of the northern Nigeria in 1990, was in recognition of the power assumed to be inherent. In the indigenous institutions. The main then was to use power for the maintenance of law and orders.
When the British came to the northern part of Nigeria they found a well established system of local government particularly in the predominant Muslim area called emirate. These emirates had their own counal with well established police force, treasuries, court, Prison and an accepted traditional code of conduct for emirs and other traditional titleholders which varied from emirate as chairman with a few selected advisers whose teaching of enforcement was at the pleasure of the emirate in the non Muslim chiefdom. Chiefs assisted by traditional councilors ruled some of their councils.
Local government is the lowest tiers of government every where in world. It is very important because it is very close to people as a result of its multi purpose in terms of carrying out socioeconomic services in the local area stimulating and encouraging Local initiative country work as well as promoting the democratic process.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
This local government area was created in January 1970 its headquarter is Gboko. It was first called TSAA GUUMAFA the local government is bounded in the North with Tarka local Government area and in the south with Konshisha and Ushongo local government area, in the North West with Gwer. The local government derived its name from a small tree that grew on top of its hill, complete list of the council wards.
1 Mbakpegh 2 Igyrou 3 Mbatan 4 Gboko South 5 Mbatser
6 Mbakwen 7 Gboko north 8 Gboko west 9 Mbanku
10 Gboko central It Yandev north I2 Yandev south 13 Ukpekpe
14Mbatyu 15 Mbadan 16 Gboko East 17. Mbaverakaa
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
While tracing the problem of local government in rural development at the local government, the researcher in her efforts will attempt to review some problems especially Gboko local government area
i. lack of Primary education
ii. lack of Health care services
iii. lack of social amenities
iv. Poor Road transportation
v. Poor Agricultural development
vi. Lack of water supply.
1.3 RESEARCH QLESTIONS
i. Is lack of primary education is really the problem facing rural development at the local government
ii. Is lacks of Health care services the problem of rural development at the local government level
iii. Also poor Agricultural the problem of rural development at the local government
iv. Poor road transportation is also a problem facing rural development at the local government
v. Lack of social amenities the problem of local government in carrying out their role in rural development
1.4 Purpose Of THE STUDY
i. To investigate if lack of primary education hinder the rural development at the local government.
ii. Does Health care services hinder the rural development at the local government.
iv. Find out whether poor agricultural discourage the role of rural development at the local government
v. To prove it really poor road transportation contributes to the failure of local government for development.
vi. To verified if lack of social amenities contribute to the failure of local government In carrying out its role for rural development
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE Study
This research work is to serve as a catalyst to the local government headers and the people of its environment on their duties to each other and also to serve as a corrective measure to all.
This research will served as an exposure of the local government on the policies and administration to the rural populace within its areas of jurisdiction.
This research will serve as a helping hand to students of local government at least the theoretical aspect of the role of local government in rural development.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY/LIMITATION
The scope of this study limits the research works to the rural development of the local government area.
1.7 DEFINITION OF RELATED TERMS
Various definition may be given awarding to this study in one area of specialization and the same world may mean a different thing to another person therefore the researcher select the basic key words as use in this topic and define them .
LOCAL GOVERNMENT: is a political authority set up by a state as a subordinate authority for the purpose of dispersing or decentralizing political power as well as promoting local initiative and responses to local need.
RURAL DEVELOPMENT: It Refer not only providing jobs opportunity to rural, increased income to rural people but improved community services.
ROLE. Is the function or position that has or expected to have in relationship.
ADMINISTRATION: It is a process of getting things done in the efficient way.