The role of bioinformatics in pancreatic cancer diagnosis and therapy.
The pancreas is an oblong-shaped organ positioned at the level of the transpyloric plane (L1). With the exception of the tail of the pancreas, it is a retroperitoneal organ, located deep within the upper abdomen in the epigastrium and left hypochondrium regions. The Organs Within the abdomen the pancreas has direct anatomical relations to several structures Stomach– Separated from the pancreas by the lesser sac, the stomach and pylorus lie anterior and to the pancreas. Duodenum– The“C” shaped duodenum curves around and outlines the head of the pancreas. The aim of the paper is to determine the role of bioinformatics in pancreatic cancer diagnosis and therapy. Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data, in particular when the data sets are large and complex. As an interdisciplinary field of science, bioinformatics combines biology, chemistry, physics computer science, information engineering, mathematics and statistics to analysis and interpret biological data. (Spiga, 2014). Maintaining a healthy body weight Obesity and diabetes have been associated with pancreatic cancer and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce both of these risk factors. Maintaining a healthy body weight involves sticking to a healthy diet as well as engaging in regular physical activity (Hidalgo, 2014). In the world, pancreatic cancer is a rare but fatal disease, with few established risk factors, including: smoking, genetic predisposition, and increasing age. Recent literature has found modern advances in PDA treatment and prophylaxis. As long as pancreatic cancers are diagnosed too late, the most important task for every individual on the planet is to take a healthy approach and to stave off death in the short term.